3W1W

Protein-drug complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.006 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Salicylic Acid induces mitochondrial injury by inhibiting ferrochelatase heme biosynthesis activity

Gupta, V.Liu, S.Ando, H.Ishii, R.Tateno, S.Kaneko, Y.Yugami, M.Sakamoto, S.Yamaguchi, Y.Nureki, O.Handa, H.

(2013) Mol.Pharmacol. 84: 824-833

  • DOI: 10.1124/mol.113.087940

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Salicylic acid is a classic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Although salicylic acid also induces mitochondrial injury, the mechanism of its antimitochondrial activity is not well understood. In this study, by using a one-step affinity purificati ...

    Salicylic acid is a classic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Although salicylic acid also induces mitochondrial injury, the mechanism of its antimitochondrial activity is not well understood. In this study, by using a one-step affinity purification scheme with salicylic acid-immobilized beads, ferrochelatase (FECH), a homodimeric enzyme involved in heme biosynthesis in mitochondria, was identified as a new molecular target of salicylic acid. Moreover, the cocrystal structure of the FECH-salicylic acid complex was determined. Structural and biochemical studies showed that salicylic acid binds to the dimer interface of FECH in two possible orientations and inhibits its enzymatic activity. Mutational analysis confirmed that Trp301 and Leu311, hydrophobic amino acid residues located at the dimer interface, are directly involved in salicylic acid binding. On a gel filtration column, salicylic acid caused a shift in the elution profile of FECH, indicating that its conformational change is induced by salicylic acid binding. In cultured human cells, salicylic acid treatment or FECH knockdown inhibited heme synthesis, whereas salicylic acid did not exert its inhibitory effect in FECH knockdown cells. Concordantly, salicylic acid treatment or FECH knockdown inhibited heme synthesis in zebrafish embryos. Strikingly, the salicylic acid-induced effect in zebrafish was partially rescued by FECH overexpression. Taken together, these findings illustrate that FECH is responsible for salicylic acid-induced inhibition of heme synthesis, which may contribute to its antimitochondrial and anti-inflammatory function. This study establishes a novel aspect of the complex pharmacological effects of salicylic acid.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Information, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan (V.G., S.L., H.A., S.T., Y.K., M.Y., S.S., Y.Y., H.H.); and Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (R.I., O.N.).




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Ferrochelatase, mitochondrial
A, B
371Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: FECH
EC: 4.99.1.1
Find proteins for P22830 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: FECH
Go to UniProtKB:  P22830
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EDO
Query on EDO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CHD
Query on CHD

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Download CCD File 
A, B
CHOLIC ACID
C24 H40 O5
BHQCQFFYRZLCQQ-OELDTZBJSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FES
Query on FES

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
FE2/S2 (INORGANIC) CLUSTER
Fe2 S2
NIXDOXVAJZFRNF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SAL
Query on SAL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
2-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACID
SALICYLIC ACID
C7 H6 O3
YGSDEFSMJLZEOE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.006 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 87.531α = 90.00
b = 93.627β = 90.00
c = 110.287γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXrefinement
MOLREPphasing
HKL-2000data collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-10-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-11-20
    Type: Database references