3VQ1

Crystal structure of mouse TLR4/MD-2/lipid IVa complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.236 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Structural basis of species-specific endotoxin sensing by innate immune receptor TLR4/MD-2

Ohto, U.Fukase, K.Miyake, K.Shimizu, T.

(2012) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109: 7421-7426

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1201193109
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3VQ1, 3VQ2

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), also known as endotoxin, activates the innate immune response through toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and its coreceptor, MD-2. MD-2 has a unique hydrophobic cavity that directly binds to lipid A, the active center of LPS. Tetraacyl ...

    Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), also known as endotoxin, activates the innate immune response through toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and its coreceptor, MD-2. MD-2 has a unique hydrophobic cavity that directly binds to lipid A, the active center of LPS. Tetraacylated lipid IVa, a synthetic lipid A precursor, acts as a weak agonist to mouse TLR4/MD-2, but as an antagonist to human TLR4/MD-2. However, it remains unclear as to how LPS and lipid IVa show agonistic or antagonistic activities in a species-specific manner. The present study reports the crystal structures of mouse TLR4/MD-2/LPS and TLR4/MD-2/lipid IVa complexes at 2.5 and 2.7 Å resolutions, respectively. Mouse TLR4/MD-2/LPS exhibited an agonistic "m"-shaped 2:2:2 complex similar to the human TLR4/MD-2/LPS complex. Mouse TLR4/MD-2/lipid IVa complex also showed an agonistic structural feature, exhibiting architecture similar to the 2:2:2 complex. Remarkably, lipid IVa in the mouse TLR4/MD-2 complex occupied nearly the same space as LPS, although lipid IVa lacked the two acyl chains. Human MD-2 binds lipid IVa in an antagonistic manner completely differently from the way mouse MD-2 does. Together, the results provide structural evidence of the agonistic property of lipid IVa on mouse TLR4/MD-2 and deepen understanding of the ligand binding and dimerization mechanism by the structurally diverse LPS variants.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Toll-like receptor 4 AB606Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Tlr4Lps
EC: 3.2.2.6
Find proteins for Q9QUK6 (Mus musculus)
Explore Q9QUK6 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9QUK6
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
IMPC:  MGI:96824
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Lymphocyte antigen 96 CD144Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Md2Ly96Esop1
Find proteins for Q9JHF9 (Mus musculus)
Explore Q9JHF9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9JHF9
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
E, F, G
2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
LP4
Query on LP4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C, D
2-deoxy-3-O-[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]-2-{[(3R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoyl]amino}-4-O-phosphono-beta-D-glucopyranose
C34 H66 N O12 P
AJRPJFBMHCTNGK-XQJZMFRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
LP5
Query on LP5

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C, D
(R)-((2R,3S,4R,5R,6R)-3-HYDROXY-2-(HYDROXYMETHYL)-5-((R)-3-HYDROXYTETRADECANAMIDO)-6-(PHOSPHONOOXY)TETRAHYDRO-2H-PYRAN-4-YL) 3-HYDROXYTETRADECANOATE
C34 H66 N O12 P
HEHQDWUWJVPREQ-XQJZMFRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.236 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 77.16α = 90
b = 150.519β = 90
c = 181.847γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2012-03-17 
  • Released Date: 2012-05-09 
  • Deposition Author(s): Ohto, U., Shimizu, T.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-05-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-07-17
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary