3VGF

Crystal structure of glycosyltrehalose trehalohydrolase (D252S) complexed with maltotriosyltrehalose


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.179 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Substrate recognition mechanism of a glycosyltrehalose trehalohydrolase from Sulfolobus solfataricus KM1.

Okazaki, N.Tamada, T.Feese, M.D.Kato, M.Miura, Y.Komeda, T.Kobayashi, K.Kondo, K.Blaber, M.Kuroki, R.

(2012) Protein Sci 21: 539-552

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.2039
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3VGB, 3VGD, 3VGE, 3VGF, 3VGG, 3VGH

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glycosyltrehalose trehalohydrolase (GTHase) is an α-amylase that cleaves the α-1,4 bond adjacent to the α-1,1 bond of maltooligosyltrehalose to release trehalose. To investigate the catalytic and substrate recognition mechanisms of GTHase, two residu ...

    Glycosyltrehalose trehalohydrolase (GTHase) is an α-amylase that cleaves the α-1,4 bond adjacent to the α-1,1 bond of maltooligosyltrehalose to release trehalose. To investigate the catalytic and substrate recognition mechanisms of GTHase, two residues, Asp252 (nucleophile) and Glu283 (general acid/base), located at the catalytic site of GTHase were mutated (Asp252→Ser (D252S), Glu (D252E) and Glu283→Gln (E283Q)), and the activity and structure of the enzyme were investigated. The E283Q, D252E, and D252S mutants showed only 0.04, 0.03, and 0.6% of enzymatic activity against the wild-type, respectively. The crystal structure of the E283Q mutant GTHase in complex with the substrate, maltotriosyltrehalose (G3-Tre), was determined to 2.6-Å resolution. The structure with G3-Tre indicated that GTHase has at least five substrate binding subsites and that Glu283 is the catalytic acid, and Asp252 is the nucleophile that attacks the C1 carbon in the glycosidic linkage of G3-Tre. The complex structure also revealed a scheme for substrate recognition by GTHase. Substrate recognition involves two unique interactions: stacking of Tyr325 with the terminal glucose ring of the trehalose moiety and perpendicularly placement of Trp215 to the pyranose rings at the subsites -1 and +1 glucose.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Molecular Biology Research Division, Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Malto-oligosyltrehalose trehalohydrolaseA558Saccharolobus solfataricusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: treZ
EC: 3.2.1.141
Find proteins for Q55088 (Saccharolobus solfataricus)
Explore Q55088 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q55088
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose
B
3 N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FLC
Query on FLC

Download CCD File 
A
CITRATE ANION
C6 H5 O7
KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 2
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900009
Query on PRD_900009
Balpha-maltotrioseOligosaccharide /  Nutrient

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.179 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 78.441α = 90
b = 78.441β = 90
c = 282.277γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-06-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary