Covalent modifications of the catalytic tyrosine in octahaem cytochrome c nitrite reductase and their effect on the enzyme activity.Trofimov, A.A., Polyakov, K.M., Tikhonova, T.V., Tikhonov, A.V., Safonova, T.N., Boyko, K.M., Dorovatovskii, P.V., Popov, V.O.
(2012) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 68: 144-153
- PubMed: 22281743
- DOI: 10.1107/S0907444911052632
- Structures With Same Primary Citation
- PubMed Abstract:
Octahaem cytochrome c nitrite reductase from Thioalkalivibrio nitratireducens (TvNiR), like the previously characterized pentahaem nitrite reductases (NrfAs), catalyzes the six-electron reductions of nitrite to ammonia and of sulfite to sulfide. The ...
Octahaem cytochrome c nitrite reductase from Thioalkalivibrio nitratireducens (TvNiR), like the previously characterized pentahaem nitrite reductases (NrfAs), catalyzes the six-electron reductions of nitrite to ammonia and of sulfite to sulfide. The active site of both TvNiR and NrfAs is formed by the lysine-coordinated haem and His, Tyr and Arg residues. The distinguishing structural feature of TvNiR is the presence of a covalent bond between the CE2 atom of the catalytic Tyr303 and the S atom of Cys305, which might be responsible for the higher nitrite reductase activity of TvNiR compared with NrfAs. In the present study, a new modified form of the enzyme (TvNiRb) that contains an additional covalent bond between Tyr303 CE1 and Gln360 CG is reported. Structures of TvNiRb in complexes with phosphate (1.45 Å resolution) and sulfite (1.8 Å resolution), the structure of TvNiR in a complex with nitrite (1.83 Å resolution) and several additional structures were determined. The formation of the second covalent bond by Tyr303 leads to a decrease in both the nitrite and sulfite reductase activities of the enzyme. Tyr303 is located at the exit from the putative proton-transport channel to the active site, which is absent in NrfAs. This is an additional argument in favour of the involvement of Tyr303 as a proton donor in catalysis. The changes in the activity of cytochrome c nitrite reductases owing to the formation of Tyr-Cys and Tyr-Gln bonds may be associated with changes in the pK(a) value of the catalytic tyrosine.
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