3UTM

Crystal structure of a mouse Tankyrase-Axin complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of a Tankyrase-Axin complex and its implications for Axin turnover and Tankyrase substrate recruitment.

Morrone, S.Cheng, Z.Moon, R.T.Cong, F.Xu, W.

(2012) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109: 1500-1505

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1116618109
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3UTM

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Axin is a tumor suppressor and a key negative regulator of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Axin turnover is controlled by its poly-ADP-ribosylation catalyzed by tankyrase (TNKS), which requires the direct interaction of Axin with TNKS. This inte ...

    Axin is a tumor suppressor and a key negative regulator of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Axin turnover is controlled by its poly-ADP-ribosylation catalyzed by tankyrase (TNKS), which requires the direct interaction of Axin with TNKS. This interaction is thus an attractive drug target for treating cancers, brain injuries, and other diseases where β-catenin is involved. Here we report the crystal structure of a mouse TNKS1 fragment containing ankyrin-repeat clusters 2 and 3 (ARC2-3) in a complex with the TNKS-binding domain of mouse Axin1. Surprisingly, we found that Axin contains two discrete TNKS-binding segments, both of which bind simultaneously to the two ARC2 domains in the ARC2-3 homodimer. Our crystal structure shows that in each TNKS-binding segment of Axin there is a conserved glycine residue that lies in the bottom of a narrow "gate" formed by two parallel tyrosine side chains on the TNKS surface. This glycine-selection gate is crucial for TNKS-Axin interactions, as mutation of the TNKS gate-forming residues, or mutation of either glycine residue in the two Axin segments, completely abolishes the binding of the corresponding Axin segment to TNKS. The bivalent binding of Axin to TNKS is required for Axin turnover, since mutations in either gate-binding glycine residue in Axin lead to Axin stabilization in the cell. In addition, our analyses also reveal the structural basis for TNKS substrate recruitment, and shed light on the overall structure of TNKS that should help in developing specific inhibitors of Wnt/β-catenin signaling.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Tankyrase-1A, B351Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TANKRYASE1TnksTnks1
EC: 2.4.2.30 (PDB Primary Data), 2.4.2 (UniProt)
Find proteins for Q6PFX9 (Mus musculus)
Explore Q6PFX9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6PFX9
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Axin-1C83Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: AxinAxin1Fu
Find proteins for O35625 (Mus musculus)
Explore O35625 
Go to UniProtKB:  O35625
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.209 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 131.672α = 90
b = 106.543β = 105.76
c = 73.428γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-01-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-02-22
    Changes: Database references