3UR9

1.65A resolution structure of Norwalk Virus Protease Containing a covalently bound dipeptidyl inhibitor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Broad-Spectrum Antivirals against 3C or 3C-Like Proteases of Picornaviruses, Noroviruses, and Coronaviruses.

Kim, Y.Lovell, S.Tiew, K.C.Mandadapu, S.R.Alliston, K.R.Battaile, K.P.Groutas, W.C.Chang, K.O.

(2012) J.Virol. 86: 11754-11762

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01348-12
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Phylogenetic analysis has demonstrated that some positive-sense RNA viruses can be classified into the picornavirus-like supercluster, which includes picornaviruses, caliciviruses, and coronaviruses. These viruses possess 3C or 3C-like proteases (3Cp ...

    Phylogenetic analysis has demonstrated that some positive-sense RNA viruses can be classified into the picornavirus-like supercluster, which includes picornaviruses, caliciviruses, and coronaviruses. These viruses possess 3C or 3C-like proteases (3Cpro or 3CLpro, respectively), which contain a typical chymotrypsin-like fold and a catalytic triad (or dyad) with a Cys residue as a nucleophile. The conserved key sites of 3Cpro or 3CLpro may serve as attractive targets for the design of broad-spectrum antivirals for multiple viruses in the supercluster. We previously reported the structure-based design and synthesis of potent protease inhibitors of Norwalk virus (NV), a member of the Caliciviridae family. We report herein the broad-spectrum antiviral activities of three compounds possessing a common dipeptidyl residue with different warheads, i.e., an aldehyde (GC373), a bisulfite adduct (GC376), and an α-ketoamide (GC375), against viruses that belong to the supercluster. All compounds were highly effective against the majority of tested viruses, with half-maximal inhibitory concentrations in the high nanomolar or low micromolar range in enzyme- and/or cell-based assays and with high therapeutic indices. We also report the high-resolution X-ray cocrystal structures of NV 3CLpro-, poliovirus 3Cpro-, and transmissible gastroenteritis virus 3CLpro- GC376 inhibitor complexes, which show the compound covalently bound to a nucleophilic Cys residue in the catalytic site of the corresponding protease. We conclude that these compounds have the potential to be developed as antiviral therapeutics aimed at a single virus or multiple viruses in the picornavirus-like supercluster by targeting 3Cpro or 3CLpro.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Diagnostic Medicine and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
3C-like protease
A, B
188Norwalk virus (strain GI/Human/United States/Norwalk/1968)Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q83883 (Norwalk virus (strain GI/Human/United States/Norwalk/1968))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q83883
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
K36
Query on K36

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
(1S,2S)-2-({N-[(benzyloxy)carbonyl]-L-leucyl}amino)-1-hydroxy-3-[(3S)-2-oxopyrrolidin-3-yl]propane-1-sulfonic acid
C21 H31 N3 O8 S
BSPZFJDYQHDZNR-HTCLRFROSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
K36IC50: 490 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 37.649α = 90.00
b = 66.865β = 90.00
c = 125.109γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
JDirectordata collection
XDSdata reduction
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-09-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-11-14
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-08
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description