3UNM

Crystal Structure of The Human MDC1 FHA Domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.274 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural mechanism of the phosphorylation-dependent dimerization of the MDC1 forkhead-associated domain

Liu, J.Luo, S.Zhao, H.Liao, J.Li, J.Yang, C.Xu, B.Stern, D.F.Xu, X.Ye, K.

(2012) Nucleic Acids Res. 40: 3898-3912

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkr1296
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • MDC1 is a key mediator of the DNA-damage response in mammals with several phosphorylation-dependent protein interaction domains. The function of its N-terminal forkhead-associated (FHA) domain remains elusive. Here, we show with structural, biochemic ...

    MDC1 is a key mediator of the DNA-damage response in mammals with several phosphorylation-dependent protein interaction domains. The function of its N-terminal forkhead-associated (FHA) domain remains elusive. Here, we show with structural, biochemical and cellular data that the FHA domain mediates phosphorylation-dependent dimerization of MDC1 in response to DNA damage. Crystal structures of the FHA domain reveal a face-to-face dimer with pseudo-dyad symmetry. We found that the FHA domain recognizes phosphothreonine 4 (pT4) at the N-terminus of MDC1 and determined its crystal structure in complex with a pT4 peptide. Biochemical analysis further revealed that in the dimer, the FHA domain binds in trans to pT4 from the other subunit, which greatly stabilizes the otherwise unstable dimer. We show that T4 is phosphorylated primarily by ATM upon DNA damage. MDC1 mutants with the FHA domain deleted or impaired in its ability to dimerize formed fewer foci at DNA-damage sites, but the localization defect was largely rescued by an artificial dimerization module, suggesting that dimerization is the primary function of the MDC1 FHA domain. Our results suggest a novel mechanism for the regulation of MDC1 function through T4 phosphorylation and FHA-mediated dimerization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Beijing Key Laboratory of DNA Damage Response and College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Mediator of DNA damage checkpoint protein 1
A, B
113Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MDC1 (KIAA0170, NFBD1)
Find proteins for Q14676 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: MDC1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q14676
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.274 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 30.651α = 90.00
b = 56.053β = 97.53
c = 64.920γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2011-11-16 
  • Released Date: 2012-01-25 
  • Deposition Author(s): Luo, S., Ye, K.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-01-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-03-12
    Type: Database references