3U4N

A novel covalently linked insulin dimer


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.98 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.167 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.170 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Novel covalently linked insulin dimer engineered to investigate the function of insulin dimerization.

Vinther, T.N.Norrman, M.Strauss, H.M.Huus, K.Schlein, M.Pedersen, T.A.Kjeldsen, T.Jensen, K.J.Hubalek, F.

(2012) PLoS One 7: e30882-e30882

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0030882
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3U4N

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • An ingenious system evolved to facilitate insulin binding to the insulin receptor as a monomer and at the same time ensure sufficient stability of insulin during storage. Insulin dimer is the cornerstone of this system. Insulin dimer is relatively we ...

    An ingenious system evolved to facilitate insulin binding to the insulin receptor as a monomer and at the same time ensure sufficient stability of insulin during storage. Insulin dimer is the cornerstone of this system. Insulin dimer is relatively weak, which ensures dissociation into monomers in the circulation, and it is stabilized by hexamer formation in the presence of zinc ions during storage in the pancreatic β-cell. Due to the transient nature of insulin dimer, direct investigation of this important form is inherently difficult. To address the relationship between insulin oligomerization and insulin stability and function, we engineered a covalently linked insulin dimer in which two monomers were linked by a disulfide bond. The structure of this covalent dimer was identical to the self-association dimer of human insulin. Importantly, this covalent dimer was capable of further oligomerization to form the structural equivalent of the classical hexamer. The covalently linked dimer neither bound to the insulin receptor, nor induced a metabolic response in vitro. However, it was extremely thermodynamically stable and did not form amyloid fibrils when subjected to mechanical stress, underlining the importance of oligomerization for insulin stability.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Diabetes Research Unit, Novo Nordisk A/S, Novo Nordisk Park, Måløv, Denmark.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Insulin A chainA21Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01308 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P01308
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Insulin B chainB29Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01308 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P01308
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.98 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.167 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.170 
  • Space Group: I 21 3
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 77.942α = 90
b = 77.942β = 90
c = 77.942γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-04-11
    Type: Initial release