3U2V

Crystal Structure of Human Glycogenin-1 (GYG1) complexed with manganese, UDP and maltohexaose


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Conformational plasticity of glycogenin and its maltosaccharide substrate during glycogen biogenesis.

Chaikuad, A.Froese, D.S.Berridge, G.von Delft, F.Oppermann, U.Yue, W.W.

(2011) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108: 21028-21033

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1113921108
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3Q4S, 3QVB, 3RMV, 3RMW, 3T7M, 3T7N, 3T7O, 3U2T, 3U2U, 3U2V, 3U2W

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glycogenin initiates the synthesis of a maltosaccharide chain covalently attached to itself on Tyr195 via a stepwise glucosylation reaction, priming glycogen synthesis. We have captured crystallographic snapshots of human glycogenin during its reaction cycle, revealing a dynamic conformational switch between ground and active states mediated by the sugar donor UDP-glucose ...

    Glycogenin initiates the synthesis of a maltosaccharide chain covalently attached to itself on Tyr195 via a stepwise glucosylation reaction, priming glycogen synthesis. We have captured crystallographic snapshots of human glycogenin during its reaction cycle, revealing a dynamic conformational switch between ground and active states mediated by the sugar donor UDP-glucose. This switch includes the ordering of a polypeptide stretch containing Tyr195, and major movement of an approximately 30-residue "lid" segment covering the active site. The rearranged lid guides the nascent maltosaccharide chain into the active site in either an intra- or intersubunit mode dependent upon chain length and steric factors and positions the donor and acceptor sugar groups for catalysis. The Thr83Met mutation, which causes glycogen storage disease XV, is conformationally locked in the ground state and catalytically inactive. Our data highlight the conformational plasticity of glycogenin and coexistence of two modes of glucosylation as integral to its catalytic mechanism.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Genomics Consortium, Old Road Research Campus Building, Oxford, United Kingdom OX3 7DQ.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glycogenin-1A, B263Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GYGGYG1
EC: 2.4.1.186
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P46976 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P46976 
Go to UniProtKB:  P46976
PHAROS:  P46976
GTEx:  ENSG00000163754 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP46976
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranoseC, D 6O-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G91368RN
GlyCosmos:  G91368RN
GlyGen:  G91368RN
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
UDP
Query on UDP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A],
K [auth B]
URIDINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C9 H14 N2 O12 P2
XCCTYIAWTASOJW-XVFCMESISA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
I [auth A],
R [auth B]
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
L [auth B],
M [auth B],
N [auth B],
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
L [auth B],
M [auth B],
N [auth B],
O [auth B],
P [auth B],
Q [auth B]
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MN
Query on MN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A],
J [auth B]
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 2
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900035
Query on PRD_900035
C, Dalpha-maltohexaoseOligosaccharide / Substrate analog Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 46.679α = 79.56
b = 46.739β = 88.71
c = 69.69γ = 76.86
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
GDAdata collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-12-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-12-28
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2012-01-11
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary