3TVR

Crystal Structure of Streptomyces coelicolor Polyketide Aromatase/Cyclase whiE-ORFVI


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.214 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.175 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Insight into the Molecular Basis of Aromatic Polyketide Cyclization: Crystal Structure and in Vitro Characterization of WhiE-ORFVI.

Lee, M.Y.Ames, B.D.Tsai, S.C.

(2012) Biochemistry 51: 3079-3091

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi201705q
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3TL1, 3TVQ, 3TVR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Aromatic polyketides are biologically active natural products. Many important pharmaceuticals are derived from aromatic polyketides. Especially important in aromatic polyketide biosynthesis is the regiospecific cyclization of a linear, preassembled p ...

    Aromatic polyketides are biologically active natural products. Many important pharmaceuticals are derived from aromatic polyketides. Especially important in aromatic polyketide biosynthesis is the regiospecific cyclization of a linear, preassembled polyketide chain catalyzed by aromatase/cyclase (ARO/CYC), which serves as a key control point in aromatic ring formation. How different ARO/CYCs promote different cyclization patterns is not well understood. The whiE locus of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) is responsible for the biosynthesis of an aromatic polyketide precursor to the gray spore pigment. The WhiE ARO/CYC catalyzes the regiospecific C9-C14 and C7-C16 cyclization and aromatization of a 24-carbon polyketide chain. WhiE ARO/CYC shares a high degree of similarity to another nonreducing PKS ARO/CYC, TcmN ARO/CYC. This paper presents the apo crystal structure of WhiE ARO/CYC, and cocrystal structures of WhiE and TcmN ARO/CYCs bound with polycyclic aromatic compounds that mimic the respective ARO/CYC products. Site-directed mutagenesis coupled with in vitro PKS reconstitution assays was used to characterize the interior pocket residues of WhiE ARO/CYC. The results confirmed that the interior pocket of ARO/CYCs is a critical determinant of polyketide cyclization specificity. A unified ARO/CYC-mediated cyclization mechanism is proposed on the basis of these structural and functional results.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697, USA.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Polyketide cyclaseA173Streptomyces coelicolorMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SC6G9.18SCO5315whiE ORFVI
Find proteins for P23154 (Streptomyces coelicolor (strain ATCC BAA-471 / A3(2) / M145))
Explore P23154 
Go to UniProtKB:  P23154
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.214 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.175 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 47.702α = 90
b = 42.06β = 91.89
c = 47.999γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data collection

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-04-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-04-25
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-06-20
    Changes: Data collection
  • Version 1.3: 2019-07-17
    Changes: Data collection, Refinement description