3TO7

Crystal structure of yeast Esa1 HAT domain bound to coenzyme A with active site lysine acetylated


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

MYST protein acetyltransferase activity requires active site lysine autoacetylation.

Yuan, H.Rossetto, D.Mellert, H.Dang, W.Srinivasan, M.Johnson, J.Hodawadekar, S.Ding, E.C.Speicher, K.Abshiru, N.Perry, R.Wu, J.Yang, C.Zheng, Y.G.Speicher, D.W.Thibault, P.Verreault, A.Johnson, F.B.Berger, S.L.Sternglanz, R.McMahon, S.B.Cote, J.Marmorstein, R.

(2011) Embo J. 31: 58-70

  • DOI: 10.1038/emboj.2011.382
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  3TO6, 3TO9, 3TOA, 3TOB

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The MYST protein lysine acetyltransferases are evolutionarily conserved throughout eukaryotes and acetylate proteins to regulate diverse biological processes including gene regulation, DNA repair, cell-cycle regulation, stem cell homeostasis and deve ...

    The MYST protein lysine acetyltransferases are evolutionarily conserved throughout eukaryotes and acetylate proteins to regulate diverse biological processes including gene regulation, DNA repair, cell-cycle regulation, stem cell homeostasis and development. Here, we demonstrate that MYST protein acetyltransferase activity requires active site lysine autoacetylation. The X-ray crystal structures of yeast Esa1 (yEsa1/KAT5) bound to a bisubstrate H4K16CoA inhibitor and human MOF (hMOF/KAT8/MYST1) reveal that they are autoacetylated at a strictly conserved lysine residue in MYST proteins (yEsa1-K262 and hMOF-K274) in the enzyme active site. The structure of hMOF also shows partial occupancy of K274 in the unacetylated form, revealing that the side chain reorients to a position that engages the catalytic glutamate residue and would block cognate protein substrate binding. Consistent with the structural findings, we present mass spectrometry data and biochemical experiments to demonstrate that this lysine autoacetylation on yEsa1, hMOF and its yeast orthologue, ySas2 (KAT8) occurs in solution and is required for acetylation and protein substrate binding in vitro. We also show that this autoacetylation occurs in vivo and is required for the cellular functions of these MYST proteins. These findings provide an avenue for the autoposttranslational regulation of MYST proteins that is distinct from other acetyltransferases but draws similarities to the phosphoregulation of protein kinases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Gene Expression and Regulation Program, The Wistar Institute, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone acetyltransferase ESA1
A
276Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: ESA1
EC: 2.3.1.48
Find proteins for Q08649 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q08649
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CAD
Query on CAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CACODYLIC ACID
HYDROXYDIMETHYLARSINE OXIDE
C2 H7 As O2
OGGXGZAMXPVRFZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
COA
Query on COA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
COENZYME A
C21 H36 N7 O16 P3 S
RGJOEKWQDUBAIZ-IBOSZNHHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
ALY
Query on ALY
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC8 H16 N2 O3LYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • Space Group: I 41 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 183.040α = 90.00
b = 183.040β = 90.00
c = 183.040γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-11-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-01-18
    Type: Database references