3TBA

Structure of Yeast Ribonucleotide Reductase 1 Q288A with dGTP and ADP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Role of Arginine 293 and Glutamine 288 in Communication between Catalytic and Allosteric Sites in Yeast Ribonucleotide Reductase.

Ahmad, M.F.Kaushal, P.S.Wan, Q.Wijerathna, S.R.An, X.Huang, M.Dealwis, C.G.

(2012) J.Mol.Biol. 419: 315-329

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2012.03.014
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ribonucleotide reductases (RRs) catalyze the rate-limiting step of de novo deoxynucleotide (dNTP) synthesis. Eukaryotic RRs consist of two proteins, RR1 (α) that contains the catalytic site and RR2 (β) that houses a diferric-tyrosyl radical essential ...

    Ribonucleotide reductases (RRs) catalyze the rate-limiting step of de novo deoxynucleotide (dNTP) synthesis. Eukaryotic RRs consist of two proteins, RR1 (α) that contains the catalytic site and RR2 (β) that houses a diferric-tyrosyl radical essential for ribonucleoside diphosphate reduction. Biochemical analysis has been combined with isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), X-ray crystallography and yeast genetics to elucidate the roles of two loop 2 mutations R293A and Q288A in Saccharomyces cerevisiae RR1 (ScRR1). These mutations, R293A and Q288A, cause lethality and severe S phase defects, respectively, in cells that use ScRR1 as the sole source of RR1 activity. Compared to the wild-type enzyme activity, R293A and Q288A mutants show 4% and 15%, respectively, for ADP reduction, whereas they are 20% and 23%, respectively, for CDP reduction. ITC data showed that R293A ScRR1 is unable to bind ADP and binds CDP with 2-fold lower affinity compared to wild-type ScRR1. With the Q288A ScRR1 mutant, there is a 6-fold loss of affinity for ADP binding and a 2-fold loss of affinity for CDP compared to the wild type. X-ray structures of R293A ScRR1 complexed with dGTP and AMPPNP-CDP [AMPPNP, adenosine 5-(β,γ-imido)triphosphate tetralithium salt] reveal that ADP is not bound at the catalytic site, and CDP binds farther from the catalytic site compared to wild type. Our in vivo functional analyses demonstrated that R293A cannot support mitotic growth, whereas Q288A can, albeit with a severe S phase defect. Taken together, our structure, activity, ITC and in vivo data reveal that the arginine 293 and glutamine 288 residues of ScRR1 are crucial in facilitating ADP and CDP substrate selection.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase large chain 1
A
888Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: RNR1 (CRT7, RIR1, SDS12)
EC: 1.17.4.1
Find proteins for P21524 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P21524
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
DGT
Query on DGT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
2'-DEOXYGUANOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
HAAZLUGHYHWQIW-KVQBGUIXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 107.772α = 90.00
b = 118.086β = 90.00
c = 67.710γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data collection
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-04-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-04-25
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2012-06-06
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-08
    Type: Refinement description, Structure summary