Structural Basis of Rotavirus Strain Preference toward N-Acetyl- or N-Glycolylneuraminic Acid-Containing Receptors.Yu, X., Dang, V.T., Fleming, F.E., von Itzstein, M., Coulson, B.S., Blanchard, H.
(2012) J.Virol. 86: 13456-13466
- PubMed: 23035213
- DOI: 10.1128/JVI.06975-11
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The rotavirus spike protein domain VP8* is essential for recognition of cell surface carbohydrate receptors, notably those incorporating N-acylneuraminic acids (members of the sialic acid family). N-Acetylneuraminic acids occur naturally in both anim ...
The rotavirus spike protein domain VP8* is essential for recognition of cell surface carbohydrate receptors, notably those incorporating N-acylneuraminic acids (members of the sialic acid family). N-Acetylneuraminic acids occur naturally in both animals and humans, whereas N-glycolylneuraminic acids are acquired only through dietary uptake in normal human tissues. The preference of animal rotaviruses for these natural N-acylneuraminic acids has not been comprehensively established, and detailed structural information regarding the interactions of different rotaviruses with N-glycolylneuraminic acids is lacking. In this study, distinct specificities of VP8* for N-acetyl- and N-glycolylneuraminic acids were revealed using biophysical techniques. VP8* protein from the porcine rotavirus CRW-8 and the bovine rotavirus Nebraska calf diarrhea virus (NCDV) showed a preference for N-glycolyl- over N-acetylneuraminic acids, in contrast to results obtained with rhesus rotavirus (RRV). Crystallographic structures of VP8* from CRW-8 and RRV with bound methyl-N-glycolylneuraminide revealed the atomic details of their interactions. We examined the influence of amino acid type at position 157, which is proximal to the ligand's N-acetyl or N-glycolyl moiety and can mutate upon cell culture adaptation. A structure-based hypothesis derived from these results could account for rotavirus discrimination between the N-acylneuraminic acid forms. Infectivity blockade experiments demonstrated that the determined carbohydrate specificities of these VP8* domains directly correlate with those of the corresponding infectious virus. This includes an association between CRW-8 adaption to cell culture, decreased competition by N-glycolylneuraminic acid for CRW-8 infectivity, and a Pro157-to-Ser157 mutation in VP8* that reduces binding affinity for N-glycolylneuraminic acid.
Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.