3TAE

5-hydroxycytosine paired with dAMP in RB69 gp43


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.71 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.224 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.229 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The miscoding potential of 5-hydroxycytosine arises due to template instability in the replicative polymerase active site.

Zahn, K.E.Averill, A.Wallace, S.S.Doublie, S.

(2011) Biochemistry 50: 10350-10358

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi201219s
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3TAB, 3TAE, 3TAF, 3TAG

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • 5-Hydroxycytosine (5-OHC) is a stable oxidation product of cytosine associated with an increased frequency of C → T transition mutations. When this lesion escapes recognition by the base excision repair pathway and persists to serve as a templating base during DNA synthesis, replicative DNA polymerases often misincorporate dAMP at the primer terminus, which can lead to fixation of mutations and subsequent disease ...

    5-Hydroxycytosine (5-OHC) is a stable oxidation product of cytosine associated with an increased frequency of C → T transition mutations. When this lesion escapes recognition by the base excision repair pathway and persists to serve as a templating base during DNA synthesis, replicative DNA polymerases often misincorporate dAMP at the primer terminus, which can lead to fixation of mutations and subsequent disease. To characterize the dynamics of DNA synthesis opposite 5-OHC, we initiated a comparison of unmodified dCMP to 5-OHC, 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), and 5-methylcytosine (5-MEC) in which these bases act as templates in the active site of RB69 gp43, a high-fidelity DNA polymerase sharing homology with human replicative DNA polymerases. This study presents the first crystal structure of any DNA polymerase binding this physiologically important premutagenic DNA lesion, showing that while dGMP is stabilized by 5-OHC through normal Watson-Crick base pairing, incorporation of dAMP leads to unstacking and instability in the template. Furthermore, the electronegativity of the C5 substituent appears to be important in the miscoding potential of these cytosine-like templates. While dAMP is incorporated opposite 5-OHC ~5 times more efficiently than opposite unmodified dCMP, an elevated level of incorporation is also observed opposite 5-FC but not 5-MEC. Taken together, these data imply that the nonuniform templating by 5-OHC is due to weakened stacking capabilities, which allows dAMP incorporation to proceed in a manner similar to that observed opposite abasic sites.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, United States.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA polymeraseI [auth A], J [auth B], K [auth C], L [auth D]906Escherichia phage RB69Mutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: 43gp43
EC: 2.7.7.7 (PDB Primary Data), 3.1.11 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for Q38087 (Escherichia phage RB69)
Explore Q38087 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q38087
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
  • Entity ID: 1
    MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
    DNA (5'-D(*CP*CP*(5OC)P*GP*GP*TP*AP*TP*GP*AP*CP*AP*GP*CP*CP*GP*CP*G)-3')A [auth E], E [auth G], C [auth I], G [auth K]18N/A
    Protein Feature View
    Expand
    • Reference Sequence
    • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
    • Entity ID: 2
      MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
      DNA (5'-D(*GP*CP*GP*GP*CP*TP*GP*TP*CP*AP*TP*AP*CP*CP*A)-3')B [auth F], F [auth H], D [auth J], H [auth L]15N/A
      Protein Feature View
      Expand
      • Reference Sequence
      Small Molecules
      Experimental Data & Validation

      Experimental Data

      • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
      • Resolution: 2.71 Å
      • R-Value Free: 0.268 
      • R-Value Work: 0.224 
      • R-Value Observed: 0.229 
      • Space Group: P 1 21 1
      Unit Cell:
      Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
      a = 133.274α = 90
      b = 123.709β = 95.97
      c = 165.895γ = 90
      Software Package:
      Software NamePurpose
      REFMACrefinement
      CNSrefinement
      Blu-Icedata collection
      DENZOdata reduction
      SCALEPACKdata scaling
      CNSphasing

      Structure Validation

      View Full Validation Report




      Entry History 

      Deposition Data

      • Deposited Date: 2011-08-04 
      • Released Date: 2011-11-09 
      • Deposition Author(s): Zahn, K.E.

      Revision History  (Full details and data files)

      • Version 1.0: 2011-11-09
        Type: Initial release
      • Version 1.1: 2012-01-11
        Changes: Database references
      • Version 1.2: 2019-07-17
        Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Refinement description