3T4N

Structure of the regulatory fragment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK in complex with ADP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


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Literature

ADP Regulates SNF1, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Homolog of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase.

Mayer, F.V.Heath, R.Underwood, E.Sanders, M.J.Carmena, D.McCartney, R.R.Leiper, F.C.Xiao, B.Jing, C.Walker, P.A.Haire, L.F.Ogrodowicz, R.Martin, S.R.Schmidt, M.C.Gamblin, S.J.Carling, D.

(2011) Cell Metab 14: 707-714

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2011.09.009
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3T4N, 3TE5, 3TDH

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The SNF1 protein kinase complex plays an essential role in regulating gene expression in response to the level of extracellular glucose in budding yeast. SNF1 shares structural and functional similarities with mammalian AMP-activated protein kinase. ...

    The SNF1 protein kinase complex plays an essential role in regulating gene expression in response to the level of extracellular glucose in budding yeast. SNF1 shares structural and functional similarities with mammalian AMP-activated protein kinase. Both kinases are activated by phosphorylation on a threonine residue within the activation loop segment of the catalytic subunit. Here we show that ADP is the long-sought metabolite that activates SNF1 in response to glucose limitation by protecting the enzyme against dephosphorylation by Glc7, its physiologically relevant protein phosphatase. We also show that the regulatory subunit of SNF1 has two ADP binding sites. The tighter site binds AMP, ADP, and ATP competitively with NADH, whereas the weaker site does not bind NADH, but is responsible for mediating the protective effect of ADP on dephosphorylation. Mutagenesis experiments suggest that the general mechanism by which ADP protects against dephosphorylation is strongly conserved between SNF1 and AMPK.


    Organizational Affiliation

    MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Cellular Stress Group, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, Imperial College, DuCane Road, London, UK.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Carbon catabolite-derepressing protein kinaseA179Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SNF1CAT1CCR1GLC2PAS14YDR477WD8035.20
EC: 2.7.11.1
Find proteins for P06782 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
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Go to UniProtKB:  P06782
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
SNF1 protein kinase subunit beta-2B113Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SIP2SPM2YGL208WG1155
Find proteins for P34164 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Explore P34164 
Go to UniProtKB:  P34164
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Nuclear protein SNF4C323Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288CMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SNF4CAT3YGL115WSCI1
Find proteins for P12904 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Explore P12904 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12904
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download CCD File 
C
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
ADPKd :  72000   nM  PDBBind
ADPKd:  80000   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 88.599α = 90
b = 251.214β = 90
c = 79.589γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-11-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-11-23
    Changes: Database references