3T1H

Structure of the Thermus thermophilus 30S ribosomal subunit complexed with a human anti-codon stem loop (HASL) of transfer RNA lysine 3 (tRNALys3) bound to an mRNA with an AAA-codon in the A-site and Paromomycin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.11 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.276 
  • R-Value Work: 0.247 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Human tRNA(Lys3)(UUU) Is Pre-Structured by Natural Modifications for Cognate and Wobble Codon Binding through Keto-Enol Tautomerism.

Vendeix, F.A.Murphy, F.V.Cantara, W.A.Leszczynska, G.Gustilo, E.M.Sproat, B.Malkiewicz, A.Agris, P.F.

(2012) J.Mol.Biol. 416: 467-485

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2011.12.048
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  3T1Y

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human tRNA(Lys3)(UUU) (htRNA(Lys3)(UUU)) decodes the lysine codons AAA and AAG during translation and also plays a crucial role as the primer for HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus type 1) reverse transcription. The posttranscriptional modifications ...

    Human tRNA(Lys3)(UUU) (htRNA(Lys3)(UUU)) decodes the lysine codons AAA and AAG during translation and also plays a crucial role as the primer for HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus type 1) reverse transcription. The posttranscriptional modifications 5-methoxycarbonylmethyl-2-thiouridine (mcm(5)s(2)U(34)), 2-methylthio-N(6)-threonylcarbamoyladenosine (ms(2)t(6)A(37)), and pseudouridine (Ψ(39)) in the tRNA's anticodon domain are critical for ribosomal binding and HIV-1 reverse transcription. To understand the importance of modified nucleoside contributions, we determined the structure and function of this tRNA's anticodon stem and loop (ASL) domain with these modifications at positions 34, 37, and 39, respectively (hASL(Lys3)(UUU)-mcm(5)s(2)U(34);ms(2)t(6)A(37);Ψ(39)). Ribosome binding assays in vitro revealed that the hASL(Lys3)(UUU)-mcm(5)s(2)U(34);ms(2)t(6)A(37);Ψ(39) bound AAA and AAG codons, whereas binding of the unmodified ASL(Lys3)(UUU) was barely detectable. The UV hyperchromicity, the circular dichroism, and the structural analyses indicated that Ψ(39) enhanced the thermodynamic stability of the ASL through base stacking while ms(2)t(6)A(37) restrained the anticodon to adopt an open loop conformation that is required for ribosomal binding. The NMR-restrained molecular-dynamics-derived solution structure revealed that the modifications provided an open, ordered loop for codon binding. The crystal structures of the hASL(Lys3)(UUU)-mcm(5)s(2)U(34);ms(2)t(6)A(37);Ψ(39) bound to the 30S ribosomal subunit with each codon in the A site showed that the modified nucleotides mcm(5)s(2)U(34) and ms(2)t(6)A(37) participate in the stability of the anticodon-codon interaction. Importantly, the mcm(5)s(2)U(34)·G(3) wobble base pair is in the Watson-Crick geometry, requiring unusual hydrogen bonding to G in which mcm(5)s(2)U(34) must shift from the keto to the enol form. The results unambiguously demonstrate that modifications pre-structure the anticodon as a key prerequisite for efficient and accurate recognition of cognate and wobble codons.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular and Structural Biochemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7622, USA. fvendeix@sirgaab.com




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S2
B
256Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsB (rps2)
Find proteins for P80371 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80371
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S3
C
239Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsC (rps3)
Find proteins for P80372 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80372
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S4
D
209Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsD (rps4)
Find proteins for P80373 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80373
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S5
E
162Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsE
Find proteins for Q5SHQ5 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHQ5
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S6
F
101Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsF
Find proteins for Q5SLP8 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SLP8
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S7
G
156Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsG (rps7)
Find proteins for P17291 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P17291
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S8
H
138Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsH
Find proteins for P0DOY9 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DOY9
Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S9
I
128Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039)Gene Names: rpsI (rps9)
Find proteins for P62669 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039))
Go to UniProtKB:  P62669
Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S10
J
105Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsJ
Find proteins for Q5SHN7 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHN7
Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S11
K
129Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsK (rps11)
Find proteins for P80376 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80376
Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S12
L
132Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsL
Find proteins for Q5SHN3 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHN3
Entity ID: 13
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S13
M
126Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsM (rps13)
Find proteins for P80377 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80377
Entity ID: 14
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S14 type Z
N
61Thermus aquaticusGene Names: rpsZ (rpsN)
Find proteins for A0A0N0BLP2 (Thermus aquaticus)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0N0BLP2
Entity ID: 15
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S15
O
89Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsO
Find proteins for Q5SJ76 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SJ76
Entity ID: 16
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S16
P
88Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsP
Find proteins for Q5SJH3 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SJH3
Entity ID: 17
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S17
Q
105Thermus thermophilusGene Names: rpsQ (rps17)
Find proteins for P24321 (Thermus thermophilus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P24321
Entity ID: 18
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S18
R
88Thermus thermophilusGene Names: rpsR (rps18)
Find proteins for P80382 (Thermus thermophilus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P80382
Entity ID: 19
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S19
S
93Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsS
Find proteins for Q5SHP2 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHP2
Entity ID: 20
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein S20
T
106Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039)Gene Names: rpsT (rps20)
Find proteins for P62661 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB27 / ATCC BAA-163 / DSM 7039))
Go to UniProtKB:  P62661
Entity ID: 21
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S ribosomal protein Thx
V
27Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsU
Find proteins for Q5SIH3 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SIH3
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
16s rRNAA1513Thermus thermophilus HB8
Entity ID: 22
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
mRNA A-site fragmentW3N/A
Entity ID: 23
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
tRNA ASL human Lys3X11N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D, N
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PAR
Query on PAR

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PAROMOMYCIN
PAROMOMYCIN I, AMMINOSIDIN, CATENULIN, CRESTOMYCIN, MONOMYCIN A, NEOMYCIN E
C23 H45 N5 O14
UOZODPSAJZTQNH-LSWIJEOBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, L, S
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  3 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
PSU
Query on PSU
X
RNA LINKINGC9 H13 N2 O9 PU
12A
Query on 12A
X
RNA LINKINGC16 H23 N6 O11 P SA
70U
Query on 70U
X
RNA LINKINGC12 H17 N2 O10 P SU
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.11 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.276 
  • R-Value Work: 0.247 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 402.300α = 90.00
b = 402.300β = 90.00
c = 175.250γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-01-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-03-07
    Type: Database references