3SO8

Crystal Structure of ANKRA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Sequence-Specific Recognition of a PxLPxI/L Motif by an Ankyrin Repeat Tumbler Lock.

Xu, C.Jin, J.Bian, C.Lam, R.Tian, R.Weist, R.You, L.Nie, J.Bochkarev, A.Tempel, W.Tan, C.S.Wasney, G.A.Vedadi, M.Gish, G.D.Arrowsmith, C.H.Pawson, T.Yang, X.J.Min, J.

(2012) Sci.Signal. 5: ra39-ra39

  • DOI: 10.1126/scisignal.2002979
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Ankyrin repeat family A protein 2 (ANKRA2) interacts with the plasma membrane receptor megalin and the class IIa histone deacetylases HDAC4 and HDAC5. We report that the ankyrin repeat domains of ANKRA2 and its close paralog regulatory factor X-assoc ...

    Ankyrin repeat family A protein 2 (ANKRA2) interacts with the plasma membrane receptor megalin and the class IIa histone deacetylases HDAC4 and HDAC5. We report that the ankyrin repeat domains of ANKRA2 and its close paralog regulatory factor X-associated ankyrin-containing protein (RFXANK) recognize a PxLPxI/L motif found in diverse binding proteins, including HDAC4, HDAC5, HDAC9, megalin, and regulatory factor X, 5 (RFX5). Crystal structures of the ankyrin repeat domain of ANKRA2 in complex with its binding peptides revealed that each of the middle three ankyrin repeats of ANKRA2 recognizes a residue from the PxLPxI/L motif in a tumbler-lock binding mode, with ANKRA2 acting as the lock and the linear binding motif serving as the key. Structural analysis showed that three disease-causing mutations in RFXANK affect residues that are critical for binding to RFX5. These results suggest a fundamental principle of longitudinal recognition of linear sequences by a repeat-type domain. In addition, phosphorylation of serine 350, a residue embedded within the PxLPxI/L motif of HDAC4, impaired the binding of ANKRA2 but generated a high-affinity docking site for 14-3-3 proteins, which may help sequester this HDAC in the cytoplasm. Thus, the binding preference of the PxLPxI/L motif is signal-dependent. Furthermore, proteome-wide screening suggested that a similar phosphorylation-dependent switch may operate in other pathways. Together, our findings uncover a previously uncharacterized sequence- and signal-dependent peptide recognition mode for a repeat-type protein domain.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1L7, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Ankyrin repeat family A protein 2
A
162Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ANKRA2 (ANKRA)
Find proteins for Q9H9E1 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ANKRA2
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9H9E1
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 39.147α = 90.00
b = 40.776β = 90.00
c = 99.061γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
SOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-10-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-06-13
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-01-24
    Type: Structure summary