3SI0

Structure of glycosylated human glutaminyl cyclase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Structures of Glycosylated Mammalian Glutaminyl Cyclases Reveal Conformational Variability near the Active Center.

Ruiz-Carrillo, D.Koch, B.Parthier, C.Wermann, M.Dambe, T.Buchholz, M.Ludwig, H.H.Heiser, U.Rahfeld, J.U.Stubbs, M.T.Schilling, S.Demuth, H.U.

(2011) Biochemistry 50: 6280-6288

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi200249h
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3SI1, 3SI2, 3SI0

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Formation of N-terminal pyroglutamate (pGlu or pE) from glutaminyl or glutamyl precursors is catalyzed by glutaminyl cyclases (QC). As the formation of pGlu-amyloid has been linked with Alzheimer's disease, inhibitors of QCs are currently the subject of ...

    Formation of N-terminal pyroglutamate (pGlu or pE) from glutaminyl or glutamyl precursors is catalyzed by glutaminyl cyclases (QC). As the formation of pGlu-amyloid has been linked with Alzheimer's disease, inhibitors of QCs are currently the subject of intense development. Here, we report three crystal structures of N-glycosylated mammalian QC from humans (hQC) and mice (mQC). Whereas the overall structures of the enzymes are similar to those reported previously, two surface loops in the neighborhood of the active center exhibit conformational variability. Furthermore, two conserved cysteine residues form a disulfide bond at the base of the active center that was not present in previous reports of hQC structure. Site-directed mutagenesis suggests a structure-stabilizing role of the disulfide bond. At the entrance to the active center, the conserved tryptophan residue, W(207), which displayed multiple orientations in previous structure, shows a single conformation in both glycosylated human and murine QCs. Although mutagenesis of W(207) into leucine or glutamine altered substrate conversion significantly, the binding constants of inhibitors such as the highly potent PQ50 (PBD150) were minimally affected. The crystal structure of PQ50 bound to the active center of murine QC reveals principal binding determinants provided by the catalytic zinc ion and a hydrophobic funnel. This study presents a first comparison of two mammalian QCs containing typical, conserved post-translational modifications.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Probiodrug AG, Weinbergweg 22, D-06120 Halle, Saale, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glutaminyl-peptide cyclotransferase A330Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: QPCT
EC: 2.3.2.5
Find proteins for Q16769 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q16769 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q16769
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q16769
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
B
2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
IMD
Query on IMD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
IMIDAZOLE
C3 H5 N2
RAXXELZNTBOGNW-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 82.408α = 90
b = 63.688β = 105.76
c = 77.159γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MAR345dtbdata collection
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-06-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-27
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2011-08-31
    Changes: Structure summary
  • Version 1.4: 2017-11-08
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary