3S5Z

Pharmacological Chaperoning in Human alpha-Galactosidase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The molecular basis of pharmacological chaperoning in human alpha-galactosidase

Guce, A.I.Clark, N.E.Rogich, J.J.Garman, S.C.

(2011) Chem Biol 18: 1521-1526

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2011.10.012
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Fabry disease patients show a deficiency in the activity of the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase (α-GAL or α-Gal A). One proposed treatment for Fabry disease is pharmacological chaperone therapy, where a small molecule stabilizes the α-GAL protein, l ...

    Fabry disease patients show a deficiency in the activity of the lysosomal enzyme α-galactosidase (α-GAL or α-Gal A). One proposed treatment for Fabry disease is pharmacological chaperone therapy, where a small molecule stabilizes the α-GAL protein, leading to increased enzymatic activity. Using enzyme kinetics, tryptophan fluorescence, circular dichroism, and proteolysis assays, we show that the pharmacological chaperones 1-deoxygalactonojirimycin (DGJ) and galactose stabilize the human α-GAL glycoprotein. Crystal structures of complexes of α-GAL and chaperones explain the molecular basis for the higher potency of DGJ over galactose. Using site-directed mutagenesis, we show the higher potency of DGJ results from an ionic interaction with D170. We propose that protonation of D170 in acidic conditions leads to weaker binding of DGJ. The results establish a biochemical basis for pharmacological chaperone therapy applicable to other protein misfolding diseases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Alpha-galactosidase A
A, B
398Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GLA
EC: 3.2.1.22
Find proteins for P06280 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P06280
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P06280
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
A, B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BMA
Query on BMA

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A, B
BETA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-RWOPYEJCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MAN
Query on MAN

Download CCD File 
A, B
ALPHA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PQMKYFCFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GLA
Query on GLA

Download CCD File 
A, B
ALPHA D-GALACTOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PHYPRBDBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GAL
Query on GAL

Download CCD File 
A, B
BETA-D-GALACTOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-FPRJBGLDSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FUC
Query on FUC

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A, B
ALPHA-L-FUCOSE
C6 H12 O5
SHZGCJCMOBCMKK-SXUWKVJYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
XYP
Query on XYP

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A, B
BETA-D-XYLOPYRANOSE
C5 H10 O5
SRBFZHDQGSBBOR-KKQCNMDGSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
GLAKi:  16000000   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 89.313α = 90
b = 140.606β = 90
c = 182.486γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-01-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-11-08
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description