3RRO

Crystal structure of 3-ketoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) reductase (FabG) from Vibrio cholerae


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.179 
  • R-Value Work: 0.139 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.141 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Dissecting the Structural Elements for the Activation of beta-Ketoacyl-(Acyl Carrier Protein) Reductase from Vibrio cholerae.

Hou, J.Zheng, H.Chruszcz, M.Zimmerman, M.D.Shumilin, I.A.Osinski, T.Demas, M.Grimshaw, S.Minor, W.

(2015) J Bacteriol 198: 463-476

  • DOI: 10.1128/JB.00360-15
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3U09, 3TZK, 3TZC, 3OP4, 4I08, 3RRO, 3RSH, 5END, 4WJZ, 4WK6

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • β-Ketoacyl-(acyl carrier protein) reductase (FabG) catalyzes the key reductive reaction in the elongation cycle of fatty acid synthesis (FAS), which is a vital metabolic pathway in bacteria and a promising target for new antibiotic development. The a ...

    β-Ketoacyl-(acyl carrier protein) reductase (FabG) catalyzes the key reductive reaction in the elongation cycle of fatty acid synthesis (FAS), which is a vital metabolic pathway in bacteria and a promising target for new antibiotic development. The activation of the enzyme is usually linked to the formation of a catalytic triad and cofactor binding, and crystal structures of FabG from different organisms have been captured in either the active or inactive conformation. However, the structural elements which enable activation of FabG require further exploration. Here we report the findings of structural, enzymatic, and binding studies of the FabG protein found in the causative agent of cholera, Vibrio cholerae (vcFabG). vcFabG exists predominantly as a dimer in solution and is able to self-associate to form tetramers, which is the state seen in the crystal structure. The formation of the tetramer may be promoted by the presence of the cofactor NADP(H). The transition between the dimeric and tetrameric states of vcFabG is related to changes in the conformations of the α4/α5 helices on the dimer-dimer interface. Two glycine residues adjacent to the dimer interface (G92 and G141) are identified to be the hinge for the conformational changes, while the catalytic tyrosine (Y155) and a glutamine residue that forms hydrogen bonds to both loop β4-α4 and loop β5-α5 (Q152) stabilize the active conformation. The functions of the aforementioned residues were confirmed by binding and enzymatic assays for the corresponding mutants.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases (CSGID)‡ wladek@iwonka.med.virginia.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
3-ketoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) reductaseAB251Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar El Tor str. N16961Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: VCD_002346fabGVC_2021
EC: 1.1.1.100
Find proteins for Q9KQH7 (Vibrio cholerae serotype O1 (strain ATCC 39315 / El Tor Inaba N16961))
Explore Q9KQH7 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9KQH7
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PGE
Query on PGE

Download CCD File 
A, B
TRIETHYLENE GLYCOL
C6 H14 O4
ZIBGPFATKBEMQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download CCD File 
A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download CCD File 
B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.179 
  • R-Value Work: 0.139 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.141 
  • Space Group: P 62
  • Diffraction Data DOI: 10.18430/M3T01R Protein Diffraction
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 63.939α = 90
b = 63.939β = 90
c = 190.146γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-3000data collection
HKL-3000phasing
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
Cootmodel building
HKL-3000data reduction
HKL-3000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-05-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2015-11-25
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2016-03-23
    Changes: Database references