3RON

Crystal Structure and Hemolytic Activity of the Cyt1Aa Toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.19 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Cyt1Aa Toxin: Crystal Structure Reveals Implications for Its Membrane-Perforating Function.

Cohen, S.Albeck, S.Ben-Dov, E.Cahan, R.Firer, M.Zaritsky, A.Dym, O.

(2011) J.Mol.Biol. 413: 804-814

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2011.09.021

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • During sporulation, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis produces a mosquito larvicidal protein complex containing several crystalline and cytolytic (Cyt) toxins. Here, the activated monomeric form of Cyt1Aa, the most toxic Cyt family member, wa ...

    During sporulation, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis produces a mosquito larvicidal protein complex containing several crystalline and cytolytic (Cyt) toxins. Here, the activated monomeric form of Cyt1Aa, the most toxic Cyt family member, was isolated and crystallized, and its structure was determined for the first time at 2.2 Å resolution. Cyt1Aa adopts a typical cytolysin fold containing a β-sheet held by two surrounding α-helical layers. The absence of a β-strand (between residues V26 and I37) in the dimeric structure of Cyt2Aa led us to deduce that this is the only essential segment for dimer formation and that activation of the toxin occurs by proteolytic processing of its N-terminus. Based on the Cyt1Aa structure, we suggest that the toxicity of Cyt1Aa and other nonrelated proteins, all sharing a cytolysin fold, is correlated with their ability to undergo conformational changes that are necessary prior to their membrane insertion and perforation. This fold allows the α-helical layers to swing away, exposing the β-sheet to insert into the membrane. The identification of a putative lipid binding pocket between the β-sheet and the helical layer of Cyt1Aa supports this mechanism. Sequence-based structural analysis of Cyt1Aa revealed that the lack of activity of Cyt1Ca may be related to the latter's inability to undergo this conformational change due to its lack of flexibility. The pattern of the hemolytic activity of Cyt1Aa presented here (resembling that of pore-forming agents), while differing from that imposed by ionic and nonionic detergents, further supports the pore-forming model by which conformational changes occur prior to membrane insertion and perforation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er-Sheva 84105, Israel.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Type-1Aa cytolytic delta-endotoxin
A, B
249Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cyt1Aa (cytA)
Find proteins for P0A382 (Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis)
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A382
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.19 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 33.895α = 90.00
b = 65.822β = 90.00
c = 176.534γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-10-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-11-16
    Type: Database references