3QXF

Structure of the bacterial cellulose synthase subunit Z


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.178 
  • R-Value Work: 0.136 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Apo- and cellopentaose-bound structures of the bacterial cellulose synthase subunit BcsZ.

Mazur, O.Zimmer, J.

(2011) J.Biol.Chem. 286: 17601-17606

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.227660
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cellulose, a very abundant extracellular polysaccharide, is synthesized in a finely tuned process that involves the activity of glycosyl-transferases and hydrolases. The cellulose microfibril consists of bundles of linear β-1,4-glucan chains that are ...

    Cellulose, a very abundant extracellular polysaccharide, is synthesized in a finely tuned process that involves the activity of glycosyl-transferases and hydrolases. The cellulose microfibril consists of bundles of linear β-1,4-glucan chains that are synthesized inside the cell; however, the mechanism by which these polymers traverse the cell membrane is currently unknown. In Gram-negative bacteria, the cellulose synthase complex forms a trans-envelope complex consisting of at least four subunits. Although three of these subunits account for the synthesis and translocation of the polysaccharide, the fourth subunit, BcsZ, is a periplasmic protein with endo-β-1,4-glucanase activity. BcsZ belongs to family eight of glycosyl-hydrolases, and its activity is required for optimal synthesis and membrane translocation of cellulose. In this study we report two crystal structures of BcsZ from Escherichia coli. One structure shows the wild-type enzyme in its apo form, and the second structure is for a catalytically inactive mutant of BcsZ in complex with the substrate cellopentaose. The structures demonstrate that BcsZ adopts an (α/α)(6)-barrel fold and that it binds four glucan moieties of cellopentaose via highly conserved residues exclusively on the nonreducing side of its catalytic center. Thus, the BcsZ-cellopentaose structure most likely represents a posthydrolysis state in which the newly formed nonreducing end has already left the substrate binding pocket while the enzyme remains attached to the truncated polysaccharide chain. We further show that BcsZ efficiently degrades β-1,4-glucans in in vitro cellulase assays with carboxymethyl-cellulose as substrate.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Membrane Biology, Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Endoglucanase
A, B, C, D
355Escherichia coli (strain K12)Gene Names: bcsZ (bcsC, yhjM)
EC: 3.2.1.4
Find proteins for P37651 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P37651
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A, B, C, D
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.178 
  • R-Value Work: 0.136 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 54.817α = 69.96
b = 87.933β = 74.36
c = 91.754γ = 78.22
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2011-03-01 
  • Released Date: 2011-03-30 
  • Deposition Author(s): Zimmer, J.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-03-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-08-10
    Type: Database references