3QGN

The allosteric E*-E equilibrium is a key property of the trypsin fold


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystallographic and kinetic evidence of allostery in a trypsin-like protease.

Niu, W.Chen, Z.Gandhi, P.S.Vogt, A.D.Pozzi, N.Pelc, L.A.Zapata, F.Di Cera, E.

(2011) Biochemistry 50: 6301-6307

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi200878c
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Protein allostery is based on the existence of multiple conformations in equilibrium linked to distinct functional properties. Although evidence of allosteric transitions is relatively easy to identify by functional studies, structural detection of a ...

    Protein allostery is based on the existence of multiple conformations in equilibrium linked to distinct functional properties. Although evidence of allosteric transitions is relatively easy to identify by functional studies, structural detection of a pre-existing equilibrium between alternative conformations remains challenging even for textbook examples of allosteric proteins. Kinetic studies show that the trypsin-like protease thrombin exists in equilibrium between two conformations where the active site is either collapsed (E*) or accessible to substrate (E). However, structural demonstration that the two conformations exist in the same enzyme construct free of ligands has remained elusive. Here we report the crystal structure of the thrombin mutant N143P in the E form, which complements the recently reported structure in the E* form, and both the E and E* forms of the thrombin mutant Y225P. The side chain of W215 moves 10.9 Å between the two forms, causing a displacement of 6.6 Å of the entire 215-217 segment into the active site that in turn opens or closes access to the primary specificity pocket. Rapid kinetic measurements of p-aminobenzamidine binding to the active site confirm the existence of the E*-E equilibrium in solution for wild-type and the mutants N143P and Y225P. These findings provide unequivocal proof of the allosteric nature of thrombin and lend strong support to the recent proposal that the E*-E equilibrium is a key property of the trypsin fold.


    Related Citations: 
    • Mutant N143P reveals how Na+ activates thrombin.
      Niu, W.,Chen, Z.,Bush-Pelc, L.A.,Bah, A.,Gandhi, P.S.,Di Cera, E.
      (2009) J.Biol.Chem. 284: 36175


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63104, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thrombin light chain
A
31Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thrombin heavy chain
B
259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
IOD
Query on IOD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
IODIDE ION
I
XMBWDFGMSWQBCA-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 122.179α = 90.00
b = 47.980β = 94.31
c = 52.011γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
CrystalCleardata collection
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-07-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-11-16
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-08
    Type: Source and taxonomy