3PMR

Crystal Structure of E2 domain of Human Amyloid Precursor-Like Protein 1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.11 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The E2 Domains of APP and APLP1 Share a Conserved Mode of Dimerization.

Lee, S.Xue, Y.Hu, J.Wang, Y.Liu, X.Demeler, B.Ha, Y.

(2011) Biochemistry 50: 5453-5464

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi101846x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3PMR, 3NYJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is genetically linked to Alzheimer's disease. APP is a type I membrane protein, and its oligomeric structure is potentially important because this property may play a role in its function or affect the processing of the precursor by the secretases to generate amyloid β-peptide ...

    Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is genetically linked to Alzheimer's disease. APP is a type I membrane protein, and its oligomeric structure is potentially important because this property may play a role in its function or affect the processing of the precursor by the secretases to generate amyloid β-peptide. Several independent studies have shown that APP can form dimers in the cell, but how it dimerizes remains controversial. At least three regions of the precursor, including a centrally located and conserved domain called E2, have been proposed to contribute to dimerization. Here we report two new crystal structures of E2, one from APP and the other from APLP1, a mammalian APP homologue. Comparison with an earlier APP structure, which was determined in a different space group, shows that the E2 domains share a conserved and antiparallel mode of dimerization. Biophysical measurements in solution show that heparin binding induces E2 dimerization. The 2.1 Å resolution electron density map also reveals phosphate ions that are bound to the protein surface. Mutational analysis shows that protein residues interacting with the phosphate ions are also involved in heparin binding. The locations of two of these residues, Arg-369 and His-433, at the dimeric interface suggest a mechanism for heparin-induced protein dimerization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmacology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Amyloid-like protein 1A, B219Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: APLP1
Find proteins for P51693 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P51693 
Go to UniProtKB:  P51693
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P51693
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.11 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 74.885α = 90
b = 81.269β = 90
c = 89.67γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
CBASSdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-06-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance