A Site-Saturated Mutagenesis Study of Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate Reductase Reveals that Residues 181 and 184 Influence Ligand Binding, Stereochemistry and Reactivity.Toogood, H.S., Fryszkowska, A., Hulley, M., Sakuma, M., Mansell, D., Stephens, G.M., Gardiner, J.M., Scrutton, N.S.
(2011) Chembiochem 12: 738-749
- PubMed: 21374779
- DOI: 10.1002/cbic.201000662
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
We have conducted a site-specific saturation mutagenesis study of H181 and H184 of flavoprotein pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase (PETN reductase) to probe the role of these residues in substrate binding and catalysis with a variety of α,β-unsat ...
We have conducted a site-specific saturation mutagenesis study of H181 and H184 of flavoprotein pentaerythritol tetranitrate reductase (PETN reductase) to probe the role of these residues in substrate binding and catalysis with a variety of α,β-unsaturated alkenes. Single mutations at these residues were sufficient to dramatically increase the enantiopurity of products formed by reduction of 2-phenyl-1-nitropropene. In addition, many mutants exhibited a switch in reactivity to predominantly catalyse nitro reduction, as opposed to CC reduction. These mutants showed an enhancement in a minor side reaction and formed 2-phenylpropanal oxime from 2-phenyl-1-nitropropene. The multiple binding conformations of hydroxy substituted nitro-olefins in PETN reductase were examined by using both structural and catalytic techniques. These compounds were found to bind in both active and inhibitory complexes; this highlights the plasticity of the active site and the ability of the H181/H184 couple to coordinate with multiple functional groups. These properties demonstrate the potential to use PETN reductase as a scaffold in the development of industrially useful biocatalysts.
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