3OTC

Crystal structure of human tRNAHis guanylyltransferase (Thg1)- Native II


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.01 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.278 
  • R-Value Work: 0.257 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

tRNAHis guanylyltransferase (THG1), a unique 3'-5' nucleotidyl transferase, shares unexpected structural homology with canonical 5'-3' DNA polymerases.

Hyde, S.J.Eckenroth, B.E.Smith, B.A.Eberley, W.A.Heintz, N.H.Jackman, J.E.Doublie, S.

(2010) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 107: 20305-20310

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1010436107
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • All known DNA and RNA polymerases catalyze the formation of phosphodiester bonds in a 5' to 3' direction, suggesting this property is a fundamental feature of maintaining and dispersing genetic information. The tRNA(His) guanylyltransferase (Thg1) is ...

    All known DNA and RNA polymerases catalyze the formation of phosphodiester bonds in a 5' to 3' direction, suggesting this property is a fundamental feature of maintaining and dispersing genetic information. The tRNA(His) guanylyltransferase (Thg1) is a member of a unique enzyme family whose members catalyze an unprecedented reaction in biology: 3'-5' addition of nucleotides to nucleic acid substrates. The 2.3-Å crystal structure of human THG1 (hTHG1) reported here shows that, despite the lack of sequence similarity, hTHG1 shares unexpected structural homology with canonical 5'-3' DNA polymerases and adenylyl/guanylyl cyclases, two enzyme families known to use a two-metal-ion mechanism for catalysis. The ability of the same structural architecture to catalyze both 5'-3' and 3'-5' reactions raises important questions concerning selection of the 5'-3' mechanism during the evolution of nucleotide polymerases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
tRNA(His) guanylyltransferase
A, B
269Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: THG1L (ICF45)
EC: 2.7.7.79
Find proteins for Q9NWX6 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: THG1L
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9NWX6
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.01 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.278 
  • R-Value Work: 0.257 
  • Space Group: P 31 1 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 116.678α = 90.00
b = 116.678β = 90.00
c = 104.950γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
CNSrefinement
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-11-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance