Identification of 3-aminomethyl-1,2-dihydro-4-phenyl-1-isoquinolones: a new class of potent, selective, and orally active non-peptide dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors that form a unique interaction with Lys554.Banno, Y., Miyamoto, Y., Sasaki, M., Oi, S., Asakawa, T., Kataoka, O., Takeuchi, K., Suzuki, N., Ikedo, K., Kosaka, T., Tsubotani, S., Tani, A., Funami, M., Tawada, M., Yamamoto, Y., Aertgeerts, K., Yano, J., Maezaki, H.
(2011) Bioorg.Med.Chem. 19: 4953-4970
- PubMed: 21764322
- DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2011.06.059
- PubMed Abstract:
The design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships of a new class of potent and orally active non-peptide dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) inhibitors, 3-aminomethyl-1,2-dihydro-4-phenyl-1-isoquinolones, are described. We hypothesized that the ...
The design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships of a new class of potent and orally active non-peptide dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) inhibitors, 3-aminomethyl-1,2-dihydro-4-phenyl-1-isoquinolones, are described. We hypothesized that the 4-phenyl group of the isoquinolone occupies the S1 pocket of the enzyme, the 3-aminomethyl group forms an electrostatic interaction with the S2 pocket, and the introduction of a hydrogen bond donor onto the 6- or 7-substituent provides interaction with the hydrophilic region of the enzyme. Based on this hypothesis, intensive research focused on developing new non-peptide DPP-4 inhibitors has been carried out. Among the compounds designed in this study, we identified 2-[(3-aminomethyl-2-(2-methylpropyl)-1-oxo-4-phenyl-1,2-dihydro-6-isoquinolinyl)oxy]acetamide (35a) as a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable DPP-4 inhibitor, which exhibited in vivo efficacy in diabetic model rats. Finally, X-ray crystallography of 35a in a complex with the enzyme validated our hypothesized binding mode and identified Lys554 as a new target-binding site available for DPP-4 inhibitors.
Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, 17-85 Jusohonmachi 2-Chome Yodogawa-ku, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka 532-8686, Japan.