3O4T

Crystal Structure of HePTP with an Open WPD Loop and Partially Depleted Active Site


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Visualizing active-site dynamics in single crystals of HePTP: opening of the WPD loop involves coordinated movement of the E loop.

Critton, D.A.Tautz, L.Page, R.

(2011) J.Mol.Biol. 405: 619-629

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.11.020
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Phosphotyrosine hydrolysis by protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) involves substrate binding by the PTP loop and closure over the active site by the WPD loop. The E loop, located immediately adjacent to the PTP and WPD loops, is conserved among huma ...

    Phosphotyrosine hydrolysis by protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) involves substrate binding by the PTP loop and closure over the active site by the WPD loop. The E loop, located immediately adjacent to the PTP and WPD loops, is conserved among human PTPs in both sequence and structure, yet the role of this loop in substrate binding and catalysis is comparatively unexplored. Hematopoietic PTP (HePTP) is a member of the kinase interaction motif (KIM) PTP family. Compared to other PTPs, KIM-PTPs have E loops that are unique in both sequence and structure. In order to understand the role of the E loop in the transition between the closed state and the open state of HePTP, we identified a novel crystal form of HePTP that allowed the closed-state-to-open-state transition to be observed within a single crystal form. These structures, which include the first structure of the HePTP open state, show that the WPD loop adopts an 'atypically open' conformation and, importantly, that ligands can be exchanged at the active site, which is critical for HePTP inhibitor development. These structures also show that tetrahedral oxyanions bind at a novel secondary site and function to coordinate the PTP, WPD, and E loops. Finally, using both structural and kinetic data, we reveal a novel role for E-loop residue Lys182 in enhancing HePTP catalytic activity through its interaction with Asp236 of the WPD loop, providing the first evidence for the coordinated dynamics of the WPD and E loops in the catalytic cycle, which, as we show, is relevant to multiple PTP families.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type 7
A
308Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: PTPN7
EC: 3.1.3.48
Find proteins for P35236 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PTPN7
Go to UniProtKB:  P35236
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
TAR
Query on TAR

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
D(-)-TARTARIC ACID
C4 H6 O6
FEWJPZIEWOKRBE-LWMBPPNESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 118.015α = 90.00
b = 38.995β = 124.18
c = 83.713γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-11-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance