3O24

Crystal structure of the brevianamide F prenyltransferase FtmPT1 from Aspergillus fumigatus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure-function analysis of an enzymatic prenyl transfer reaction identifies a reaction chamber with modifiable specificity.

Jost, M.Zocher, G.Tarcz, S.Matuschek, M.Xie, X.Li, S.M.Stehle, T.

(2010) J.Am.Chem.Soc. 132: 17849-17858

  • DOI: 10.1021/ja106817c
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Fungal indole prenyltransferases participate in a multitude of biosynthetic pathways. Their ability to prenylate diverse substrates has attracted interest for potential use in chemoenzymatic synthesis. The fungal indole prenyltransferase FtmPT1 catal ...

    Fungal indole prenyltransferases participate in a multitude of biosynthetic pathways. Their ability to prenylate diverse substrates has attracted interest for potential use in chemoenzymatic synthesis. The fungal indole prenyltransferase FtmPT1 catalyzes the prenylation of brevianamide F in the biosynthesis of fumitremorgin-type alkaloids, which show diverse pharmacological activities and are promising candidates for the development of antitumor agents. Here, we report crystal structures of unliganded Aspergillus fumigatus FtmPT1 as well as of a ternary complex of FtmPT1 bound to brevianamide F and an analogue of its isoprenoid substrate dimethylallyl diphosphate. FtmPT1 assumes a rare α/β-barrel fold, consisting of 10 circularly arranged β-strands surrounded by α-helices. Catalysis is performed in a hydrophobic reaction chamber at the center of the barrel. In combination with mutagenesis experiments, our analysis of the liganded and unliganded structures provides insight into the mechanism of catalysis and the determinants of regiospecificity. Sequence conservation of key features indicates that all fungal indole prenyltransferases possess similar active site architectures. However, while the dimethylallyl diphosphate binding site is strictly conserved in these enzymes, subtle changes in the reaction chamber likely allow for the accommodation of diverse aromatic substrates for prenylation. In support of this concept, we were able to redirect the regioselectivity of FtmPT1 by a single mutation of glycine 115 to threonine. This finding provides support for a potential use of fungal indole prenyltransferases as modifiable bioreactors that can be engineered to catalyze highly specific prenyl transfer reactions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Interfakultäres Institut für Biochemie, Universität Tübingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Strasse 4, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Brevianamide F prenyltransferase
A
474Neosartorya fumigata (strain ATCC MYA-4609 / Af293 / CBS 101355 / FGSC A1100)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ftmPT1 (ftmB)
EC: 2.5.1.106
Find proteins for Q4WAW7 (Neosartorya fumigata (strain ATCC MYA-4609 / Af293 / CBS 101355 / FGSC A1100))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q4WAW7
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

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Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MES
Query on MES

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Download CCD File 
A
2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 82.850α = 90.00
b = 82.850β = 90.00
c = 121.760γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
XSCALEdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-12-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance