3NKS

Structure of human protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural insight into human variegate porphyria disease

Qin, X.Tan, Y.Wang, L.Wang, Z.Wang, B.Wen, X.Yang, G.Xi, Z.Shen, Y.

(2011) FASEB J 25: 653-664

  • DOI: 10.1096/fj.10-170811
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3NKS

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase (hPPO), a mitochondrial inner membrane protein, converts protoporphyrinogen IX to protoporphyrin IX in the heme biosynthetic pathway. Mutations in the hPPO gene cause the inherited human disease variegate porphyria ...

    Human protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase (hPPO), a mitochondrial inner membrane protein, converts protoporphyrinogen IX to protoporphyrin IX in the heme biosynthetic pathway. Mutations in the hPPO gene cause the inherited human disease variegate porphyria (VP). In this study, we report the crystal structure of hPPO in complex with the coenzyme flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and the inhibitor acifluorfen at a resolution of 1.9 Å. The structural and biochemical analyses revealed the molecular details of FAD and acifluorfen binding to hPPO as well as the interactions of the substrate with hPPO. Structural analysis and gel chromatography indicated that hPPO is a monomer rather than a homodimer in vitro. The founder-effect mutation R59W in VP patients is most likely caused by a severe electrostatic hindrance in the hydrophilic binding pocket involving the bulky, hydrophobic indolyl ring of the tryptophan. Forty-seven VP-causing mutations were purified by chromatography and kinetically characterized in vitro. The effect of each mutation was demonstrated in the high-resolution crystal structure.


    Organizational Affiliation

    College of Life Science, Nankai University, Tianjin, China 300071.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Protoporphyrinogen oxidaseA477Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PPOX
EC: 1.3.3.4
Find proteins for P50336 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P50336 
Go to UniProtKB:  P50336
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P50336
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACJ
Query on ACJ

Download CCD File 
A
5-[2-CHLORO-4-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PHENOXY]-2-NITROBENZOIC ACID
C14 H7 Cl F3 N O5
NUFNQYOELLVIPL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
ACJKi:  1710   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 
  • Space Group: H 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 136.702α = 90
b = 136.702β = 90
c = 158.877γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345dtbdata collection
PHASESphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2010-06-21 
  • Released Date: 2011-04-20 
  • Deposition Author(s): Shen, Y.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-04-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance