3NE7

Crystal structure of paia n-acetyltransferase from thermoplasma acidophilum in complex with coenzyme a


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.187 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the novel PaiA N-acetyltransferase from Thermoplasma acidophilum involved in the negative control of sporulation and degradative enzyme production.

Filippova, E.V.Shuvalova, L.Minasov, G.Kiryukhina, O.Zhang, Y.Clancy, S.Radhakrishnan, I.Joachimiak, A.Anderson, W.F.

(2011) Proteins 79: 2566-2577

  • DOI: 10.1002/prot.23062
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3NE7, 3K9U, 3F0A, 3FIX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • GCN5-related N-acetyltransferases (GNATs) are the most widely distributed acetyltransferase systems among all three domains of life. GNATs appear to be involved in several key processes, including microbial antibiotic resistance, compacting eukaryotic DNA, controlling gene expression, and protein synthesis ...

    GCN5-related N-acetyltransferases (GNATs) are the most widely distributed acetyltransferase systems among all three domains of life. GNATs appear to be involved in several key processes, including microbial antibiotic resistance, compacting eukaryotic DNA, controlling gene expression, and protein synthesis. Here, we report the crystal structure of a putative GNAT Ta0374 from Thermoplasma acidophilum, a hyperacidophilic bacterium, that has been determined in an apo-form, in complex with its natural ligand (acetyl coenzyme A), and in complex with a product of reaction (coenzyme A) obtained by cocrystallization with spermidine. Sequence and structural analysis reveals that Ta0374 belongs to a novel protein family, PaiA, involved in the negative control of sporulation and degradative enzyme production. The crystal structure of Ta0374 confirms that it binds acetyl coenzyme A in a way similar to other GNATs and is capable of acetylating spermidine. Based on structural and docking analysis, it is expected that Glu53 and Tyr93 are key residues for recognizing spermidine. Additionally, we find that the purification His-Tag in the apo-form structure of Ta0374 prevents binding of acetyl coenzyme A in the crystal, though not in solution, and affects a chain-flip rotation of "motif A" which is the most conserved sequence among canonical acetyltransferases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ACETYLTRANSFERASEA159Thermoplasma acidophilumMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Ta0374
EC: 2.3.1.57
Find proteins for Q9HL57 (Thermoplasma acidophilum (strain ATCC 25905 / DSM 1728 / JCM 9062 / NBRC 15155 / AMRC-C165))
Explore Q9HL57 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9HL57
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
COA
Query on COA

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A
COENZYME A
C21 H36 N7 O16 P3 S
RGJOEKWQDUBAIZ-IBOSZNHHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BME
Query on BME

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A
BETA-MERCAPTOETHANOL
C2 H6 O S
DGVVWUTYPXICAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NI
Query on NI

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A
NICKEL (II) ION
Ni
VEQPNABPJHWNSG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
UNL
Query on UNL

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A
Unknown ligand
VEQPNABPJHWNSG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.187 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 69.224α = 90
b = 69.224β = 90
c = 90.628γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
Blu-Icedata collection
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-07-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-27
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-08
    Changes: Refinement description