Bivalent carbohydrate binding is required for biological activity of Clitocybe nebularis lectin (CNL), the N,N'-diacetyllactosediamine (GalNAc beta 1-4GlcNAc, LacdiNAc)-specific lectin from basidiomycete C. nebularisPohleven, J., Renko, M., Magister, S., Smith, D.F., Kunzler, M., Strukelj, B., Turk, D., Kos, J., Sabotic, J.
(2012) J.Biol.Chem. 287: 10602-10612
- PubMed: 22298779
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.317263
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins that exert their biological activity by binding to specific cell glycoreceptors. We have expressed CNL, a ricin B-like lectin from the basidiomycete Clitocybe nebularis in Escherichia coli. The recombinant le ...
Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins that exert their biological activity by binding to specific cell glycoreceptors. We have expressed CNL, a ricin B-like lectin from the basidiomycete Clitocybe nebularis in Escherichia coli. The recombinant lectin, rCNL, agglutinates human blood group A erythrocytes and is specific for the unique glycan N,N'-diacetyllactosediamine (GalNAcβ1-4GlcNAc, LacdiNAc) as demonstrated by glycan microarray analysis. We here describe the crystal structures of rCNL in complex with lactose and LacdiNAc, defining its interactions with the sugars. CNL is a homodimeric lectin, each of whose monomers consist of a single ricin B lectin domain with its β-trefoil fold and one carbohydrate-binding site. To study the mode of CNL action, a nonsugar-binding mutant and nondimerizing monovalent CNL mutants that retain carbohydrate-binding activity were prepared. rCNL and the mutants were examined for their biological activities against Jurkat human leukemic T cells and the hypersensitive nematode Caenorhabditis elegans mutant strain pmk-1. rCNL was toxic against both, although the mutants were inactive. Thus, the bivalent carbohydrate-binding property of homodimeric CNL is essential for its activity, providing one of the rare pieces of evidence that certain activities of lectins are associated with their multivalency.
Department of Biotechnology, JoŽef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. email@example.com