3NB7

Crystal structure of Aquifex Aeolicus Peptidoglycan Glycosyltransferase in complex with Decarboxylated Neryl Moenomycin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.271 
  • R-Value Work: 0.233 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.233 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Functional and structural analysis of a key region of the cell wall inhibitor moenomycin.

Fuse, S.Tsukamoto, H.Yuan, Y.Wang, T.S.Zhang, Y.Bolla, M.Walker, S.Sliz, P.Kahne, D.

(2010) ACS Chem Biol 5: 701-711

  • DOI: 10.1021/cb100048q
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3NB6, 3NB7

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Moenomycin A (MmA) belongs to a family of natural products that inhibit peptidoglycan biosynthesis by binding to the peptidoglycan glycosyltransferases, the enzymes that make the glycan chains of peptidoglycan. MmA is remarkably potent, but its clinical utility has been hampered by poor physicochemical properties ...

    Moenomycin A (MmA) belongs to a family of natural products that inhibit peptidoglycan biosynthesis by binding to the peptidoglycan glycosyltransferases, the enzymes that make the glycan chains of peptidoglycan. MmA is remarkably potent, but its clinical utility has been hampered by poor physicochemical properties. Moenomycin contains three structurally distinct regions: a pentasaccharide, a phosphoglycerate, and a C25 isoprenyl (moenocinyl) lipid tail that gives the molecule its name. The phosphoglycerate moiety links the pentasaccharide to the moenocinyl chain. This moiety contains two negatively charged groups, a phosphoryl group and a carboxylate. Both the phosphoryl group and the carboxylate have previously been implicated in target binding but the role of the carboxylate has not been explored in detail. Here we report the synthesis of six MmA analogues designed to probe the importance of the phosphoglycerate. These analogues were evaluated for antibacterial and enzyme inhibitory activity; the specific contacts between the phosphoglycerate and the protein target were assessed by X-ray crystallography in conjunction with molecular modeling. Both the phosphoryl group and the carboxylate of the phosphoglycerate chain play roles in target binding. The negative charge of the carboxylate, and not its specific structure, appears to be the critical feature in binding since replacing it with a negatively charged acylsulfonamide group produces a more active compound than replacing it with the isosteric amide. Analysis of the ligand-protein contacts suggests that the carboxylate makes a critical contact with an invariant lysine in the active site. The reported work provides information and validated computational methods critical for the design of analogues based on moenomycin scaffolds.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structural analysis of the contacts anchoring moenomycin to peptidoglycan glycosyltransferases and implications for antibiotic design
      Yuan, Y., Fuse, S., Ostash, B., Sliz, P., Kahne, D., Walker, S.
      (2008) ACS Chem Biol 3: 429

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Penicillin-binding protein 1AA200Aquifex aeolicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: aq_624mrcAponA
EC: 2.4.2 (PDB Primary Data), 2.4.1.129 (UniProt), 3.4.16.4 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for O66874 (Aquifex aeolicus (strain VF5))
Explore O66874 
Go to UniProtKB:  O66874
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO66874
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.271 
  • R-Value Work: 0.233 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.233 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 54.267α = 90
b = 100.493β = 90
c = 102.623γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-05-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance