3MGE

X-ray Structure of Hexameric HIV-1 CA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.230 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Disulfide Bond Stabilization of the Hexameric Capsomer of Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Pornillos, O.Ganser-Pornillos, B.K.Banumathi, S.Hua, Y.Yeager, M.

(2010) J.Mol.Biol. 401: 985-995

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.06.042

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 capsid is modeled as a fullerene cone that is composed of approximately 250 hexamers and 12 pentamers of the viral CA protein. Structures of CA hexamers have been difficult to obtain because the hexamer-stabili ...

    The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 capsid is modeled as a fullerene cone that is composed of approximately 250 hexamers and 12 pentamers of the viral CA protein. Structures of CA hexamers have been difficult to obtain because the hexamer-stabilizing interactions are inherently weak, and CA tends to spontaneously assemble into capsid-like particles. Here, we describe a two-step biochemical strategy to obtain soluble CA hexamers for crystallization. First, the hexamer was stabilized by engineering disulfide cross-links (either A14C/E45C or A42C/T54C) between the N-terminal domains of adjacent subunits. Second, the cross-linked hexamers were prevented from polymerizing further into hyperstable capsid-like structures by mutations (W184A and M185A) that interfered with dimeric association between the C-terminal domains that link adjacent hexamers. The structures of two different cross-linked CA hexamers were nearly identical, and we combined the non-mutated portions of the structures to generate an atomic resolution model for the native hexamer. This hybrid approach for structure determination should be applicable to other viral capsomers and protein-protein complexes in general.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Capsid protein p24
A
231Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype BMutation(s): 4 
Gene Names: gag-pol
Find proteins for P12497 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B)
Go to UniProtKB:  P12497
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EDO
Query on EDO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.230 
  • Space Group: P 6
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 90.313α = 90.00
b = 90.313β = 90.00
c = 56.527γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2010-04-05 
  • Released Date: 2010-07-21 
  • Deposition Author(s): Pornillos, O.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-07-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance