3M7W

Crystal Structure of Type I 3-Dehydroquinate Dehydratase (aroD) from Salmonella typhimurium LT2 in Covalent Complex with Dehydroquinate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.206 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.157 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Insights into the mechanism of type I dehydroquinate dehydratases from structures of reaction intermediates.

Light, S.H.Minasov, G.Shuvalova, L.Duban, M.E.Caffrey, M.Anderson, W.F.Lavie, A.

(2011) J Biol Chem 286: 3531-3539

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.192831
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3M7W, 3NNT, 3JS3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The biosynthetic shikimate pathway consists of seven enzymes that catalyze sequential reactions to generate chorismate, a critical branch point in the synthesis of the aromatic amino acids. The third enzyme in the pathway, dehydroquinate dehydratase ...

    The biosynthetic shikimate pathway consists of seven enzymes that catalyze sequential reactions to generate chorismate, a critical branch point in the synthesis of the aromatic amino acids. The third enzyme in the pathway, dehydroquinate dehydratase (DHQD), catalyzes the dehydration of 3-dehydroquinate to 3-dehydroshikimate. We present three crystal structures of the type I DHQD from the intestinal pathogens Clostridium difficile and Salmonella enterica. Structures of the enzyme with substrate and covalent pre- and post-dehydration reaction intermediates provide snapshots of successive steps along the type I DHQD-catalyzed reaction coordinate. These structures reveal that the position of the substrate within the active site does not appreciably change upon Schiff base formation. The intermediate state structures reveal a reaction state-dependent behavior of His-143 in which the residue adopts a conformation proximal to the site of catalytic dehydration only when the leaving group is present. We speculate that His-143 is likely to assume differing catalytic roles in each of its observed conformations. One conformation of His-143 positions the residue for the formation/hydrolysis of the covalent Schiff base intermediates, whereas the other conformation positions the residue for a role in the catalytic dehydration event. The fact that the shikimate pathway is absent from humans makes the enzymes of the pathway potential targets for the development of non-toxic antimicrobials. The structures and mechanistic insight presented here may inform the design of type I DHQD enzyme inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
3-dehydroquinate dehydrataseABCDEF255Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium str. LT2Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: aroDSTM1358
EC: 4.2.1.10
Find proteins for P58687 (Salmonella typhimurium (strain LT2 / SGSC1412 / ATCC 700720))
Explore P58687 
Go to UniProtKB:  P58687
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DQA
Query on DQA

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
1,3,4-TRIHYDROXY-5-OXO-CYCLOHEXANECARBOXYLIC ACID
C7 H10 O6
WVMWZWGZRAXUBK-SYTVJDICSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 184.334α = 90
b = 66.576β = 119.08
c = 128.23γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
Blu-Icedata collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-04-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-08
    Changes: Refinement description