3LOO

Crystal structure of Anopheles gambiae adenosine kinase in complex with P1,P4-di(adenosine-5) tetraphosphate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A High-Affinity Adenosine Kinase from Anopheles gambiae.

Cassera, M.B.Ho, M.C.Merino, E.F.Burgos, E.S.Rinaldo-Matthis, A.Almo, S.C.Schramm, V.L.

(2011) Biochemistry 50: 1885-1893

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi101921w

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Genome analysis revealed a mosquito orthologue of adenosine kinase in Anopheles gambiae (AgAK; the most important vector for the transmission of Plasmodium falciparum in Africa). P. falciparum are purine auxotrophs and do not express an adenosine kin ...

    Genome analysis revealed a mosquito orthologue of adenosine kinase in Anopheles gambiae (AgAK; the most important vector for the transmission of Plasmodium falciparum in Africa). P. falciparum are purine auxotrophs and do not express an adenosine kinase but rely on their hosts for purines. AgAK was kinetically characterized and found to have the highest affinity for adenosine (K(m) = 8.1 nM) of any known adenosine kinase. AgAK is specific for adenosine at the nucleoside site, but several nucleotide triphosphate phosphoryl donors are tolerated. The AgAK crystal structure with a bound bisubstrate analogue Ap(4)A (2.0 Å resolution) reveals interactions for adenosine and ATP and the geometry for phosphoryl transfer. The polyphosphate charge is partly neutralized by a bound Mg(2+) ion and an ion pair to a catalytic site Arg. The AgAK structure consists of a large catalytic core in a three-layer α/β/α sandwich, and a small cap domain in contact with adenosine. The specificity and tight binding for adenosine arise from hydrogen bond interactions of Asn14, Leu16, Leu40, Leu133, Leu168, Phe168, and Thr171 and the backbone of Ile39 and Phe168 with the adenine ring as well as through hydrogen bond interactions between Asp18, Gly64, and Asn68 and the ribosyl 2'- and 3'-hydroxyl groups. The structure is more similar to that of human adenosine kinase (48% identical) than to that of AK from Toxoplasma gondii (31% identical). With this extraordinary affinity for AgAK, adenosine is efficiently captured and converted to AMP at near the diffusion limit, suggesting an important role for this enzyme in the maintenance of the adenine nucleotide pool. mRNA analysis verifies that AgAK transcripts are produced in the adult insects.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Anopheles gambiae adenosine kinase
A, B, C
365N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

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A, B, C
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
B4P
Query on B4P

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C
BIS(ADENOSINE)-5'-TETRAPHOSPHATE
C20 H28 N10 O19 P4
YOAHKNVSNCMZGQ-XPWFQUROSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
B4PKi: 860 nM BINDINGMOAD
B4PKi: 860 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 50.381α = 90.00
b = 76.813β = 92.12
c = 140.515γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CBASSdata collection
REFMACrefinement
MOLREPphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-02-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance