3LKJ

Small Molecule Inhibition of the TNF Family Cyokine CD40 Ligand Through a Subunit Fracture Mechanism


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.305 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Small Molecule Inhibition of the TNF Family Cytokine CD40 Ligand through a Subunit Fracture Mechanism.

Silvian, L.F.Friedman, J.E.Strauch, K.Cachero, T.G.Day, E.S.Qian, F.Cunningham, B.Fung, A.Sun, L.Su, L.Zheng, Z.Kumaravel, G.Whitty, A.

(2011) Acs Chem.Biol. 6: 636-647

  • DOI: 10.1021/cb2000346

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • BIO8898 is one of several synthetic organic molecules that have recently been reported to inhibit receptor binding and function of the constitutively trimeric tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family cytokine CD40 ligand (CD40L, aka CD154). Small molecule ...

    BIO8898 is one of several synthetic organic molecules that have recently been reported to inhibit receptor binding and function of the constitutively trimeric tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family cytokine CD40 ligand (CD40L, aka CD154). Small molecule inhibitors of protein-protein interfaces are relatively rare, and their discovery is often very challenging. Therefore, to understand how BIO8898 achieves this feat, we characterized its mechanism of action using biochemical assays and X-ray crystallography. BIO8898 inhibited soluble CD40L binding to CD40-Ig with a potency of IC(50) = 25 μM and inhibited CD40L-dependent apoptosis in a cellular assay. A co-crystal structure of BIO8898 with CD40L revealed that one inhibitor molecule binds per protein trimer. Surprisingly, the compound binds not at the surface of the protein but by intercalating deeply between two subunits of the homotrimeric cytokine, disrupting a constitutive protein-protein interface and breaking the protein's 3-fold symmetry. The compound forms several hydrogen bonds with the protein, within an otherwise hydrophobic binding pocket. In addition to the translational splitting of the trimer, binding of BIO8898 was accompanied by additional local and longer-range conformational perturbations of the protein, both in the core and in a surface loop. Binding of BIO8898 is reversible, and the resulting complex is stable and does not lead to detectable dissociation of the protein trimer. Our results suggest that a set of core aromatic residues that are conserved across a subset of TNF family cytokines might represent a generic hot-spot for the induced-fit binding of trimer-disrupting small molecules.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Drug Discovery, Biogen Idec, 12 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142, United States. laura.silvian@biogenidec.com.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CD40 ligand
A, B, C
141Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CD40LG (CD40L, TNFSF5, TRAP)
Find proteins for P29965 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CD40LG
Go to UniProtKB:  P29965
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
LKJ
Query on LKJ

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
C
(2R)-{[(2'-[(biphenyl-3-ylmethyl)carbamoyl]-6'-{[(2R)-2-(pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]carbonyl}-6-{[(2R)-2-(1H-pyrrol-1-ylmethyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]carbonyl}-4,4'-bipyridin-2-yl)carbonyl]amino}(cyclohexyl)ethanoic acid
C53 H60 N8 O6
OURBCKKEKMWLAJ-JYIFATIISA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
LKJIC50: 25000 nM BINDINGMOAD
LKJIC50: 25000 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.305 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 63.303α = 90.00
b = 67.607β = 90.00
c = 108.534γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-02-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance