3LII

Recombinant human acetylcholinesterase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.179 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Acetylcholinesterase: From 3D structure to function.

Dvir, H.Silman, I.Harel, M.Rosenberry, T.L.Sussman, J.L.

(2010) Chem Biol Interact 187: 10-22

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cbi.2010.01.042
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3LII

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • By rapid hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, acetylcholinesterase terminates neurotransmission at cholinergic synapses. Acetylcholinesterase is a very fast enzyme, functioning at a rate approaching that of a diffusion-controlled reaction. The powerful toxicity of organophosphate poisons is attributed primarily to their potent inhibition of acetylcholinesterase ...

    By rapid hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter, acetylcholine, acetylcholinesterase terminates neurotransmission at cholinergic synapses. Acetylcholinesterase is a very fast enzyme, functioning at a rate approaching that of a diffusion-controlled reaction. The powerful toxicity of organophosphate poisons is attributed primarily to their potent inhibition of acetylcholinesterase. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are utilized in the treatment of various neurological disorders, and are the principal drugs approved thus far by the FDA for management of Alzheimer's disease. Many organophosphates and carbamates serve as potent insecticides, by selectively inhibiting insect acetylcholinesterase. The determination of the crystal structure of Torpedo californica acetylcholinesterase permitted visualization, for the first time, at atomic resolution, of a binding pocket for acetylcholine. It also allowed identification of the active site of acetylcholinesterase, which, unexpectedly, is located at the bottom of a deep gorge lined largely by aromatic residues. The crystal structure of recombinant human acetylcholinesterase in its apo-state is similar in its overall features to that of the Torpedo enzyme; however, the unique crystal packing reveals a novel peptide sequence which blocks access to the active-site gorge.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
AcetylcholinesteraseA, B540Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ACHE
EC: 3.1.1.7
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P22303 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P22303 
Go to UniProtKB:  P22303
PHAROS:  P22303
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP22303
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseC, D 2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.179 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 210.9α = 90
b = 210.9β = 90
c = 115.27γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2010-03-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary