3LEV

HIV-1 antibody 2F5 in complex with epitope scaffold ES2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Elicitation of structure-specific antibodies by epitope scaffolds.

Ofek, G.Guenaga, F.J.Schief, W.R.Skinner, J.Baker, D.Wyatt, R.Kwong, P.D.

(2010) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 107: 17880-17887

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1004728107
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  3LES, 3LEX, 3LEY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Elicitation of antibodies against targets that are immunorecessive, cryptic, or transient in their native context has been a challenge for vaccine design. Here we demonstrate the elicitation of structure-specific antibodies against the HIV-1 gp41 epi ...

    Elicitation of antibodies against targets that are immunorecessive, cryptic, or transient in their native context has been a challenge for vaccine design. Here we demonstrate the elicitation of structure-specific antibodies against the HIV-1 gp41 epitope of the broadly neutralizing antibody 2F5. This conformationally flexible region of gp41 assumes mostly helical conformations but adopts a kinked, extended structure when bound by antibody 2F5. Computational techniques were employed to transplant the 2F5 epitope into select acceptor scaffolds. The resultant "2F5-epitope scaffolds" possessed nanomolar affinity for antibody 2F5 and a range of epitope flexibilities and antigenic specificities. Crystallographic characterization of the epitope scaffold with highest affinity and antigenic discrimination confirmed good to near perfect attainment of the target conformation for the gp41 molecular graft in free and 2F5-bound states, respectively. Animals immunized with 2F5-epitope scaffolds showed levels of graft-specific immune responses that correlated with graft flexibility (p < 0.04), while antibody responses against the graft-as dissected residue-by-residue with alanine substitutions-resembled more closely those of 2F5 than sera elicited with flexible or cyclized peptides, a resemblance heightened by heterologous prime-boost. Lastly, crystal structures of a gp41 peptide in complex with monoclonal antibodies elicited by the 2F5-epitope scaffolds revealed that the elicited antibodies induce gp41 to assume its 2F5-recognized shape. Epitope scaffolds thus provide a means to elicit antibodies that recognize a predetermined target shape and sequence, even if that shape is transient in nature, and a means by which to dissect factors influencing such elicitation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RNA polymerase sigma factor
A
179Thermus aquaticusGene Names: sigA
Find proteins for Q9EZJ8 (Thermus aquaticus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9EZJ8
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
2F5 ANTIBODY LIGHT CHAIN
L
214N/AN/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
2F5 ANTIBODY HEAVY CHAIN
H
237N/AN/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP
Query on ATP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
H
ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
H
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
1PE
Query on 1PE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
L
PENTAETHYLENE GLYCOL
PEG400
C10 H22 O6
JLFNLZLINWHATN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 58.506α = 90.00
b = 63.933β = 90.00
c = 200.019γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-09-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance