Wild type human transthyretin (TTR) complexed with genistein (TTRwt:GEN) pH 7.5

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 

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Conformational differences between the wild type and V30M mutant transthyretin modulate its binding to genistein: implications to tetramer stability and ligand-binding.

Trivella, D.B.Bleicher, L.Palmieri, L.C.Wiggers, H.J.Montanari, C.A.Kelly, J.W.Lima, L.M.Foguel, D.Polikarpov, I.

(2010) J Struct Biol 170: 522-531

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsb.2010.03.002
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3KGS, 3KGT, 3KGU

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Transthyretin (TTR) is a tetrameric beta-sheet-rich transporter protein directly involved in human amyloid diseases. It was recently found that the isoflavone genistein (GEN) potently inhibits TTR amyloid fibril formation (Green et al., 2005) and is therefore a promising candidate for TTR amyloidosis treatment. Here we used structural and biophysical approaches to characterize genistein binding to the wild type (TTRwt) and to its most frequent amyloidogenic variant, the V30M mutant. In a dose-dependent manner, genistein elicited considerable increases in both mutant and TTRwt stability as demonstrated by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) and acid-mediated dissociation/denaturation assays. TTR:GEN crystal complexes and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) experiments showed that the binding mechanisms of genistein to the TTRwt and to V30M are different and are dependent on apoTTR structure conformations. Furthermore, we could also identify potential allosteric movements caused by genistein binding to the wild type TTR that explains, at least in part, the frequently observed negatively cooperative process between the two sites of TTRwt when binding ligands. These findings show that TTR mutants may present different ligand recognition and therefore are of value in ligand design for inhibiting TTR amyloidosis.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Instituto de Física de São Carlos, Universidade de São Paulo, P.O. Box 369, 13560-970 São Carlos, SP, Brazil.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
A, B
127Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PALBTTR
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P02766 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P02766 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02766
PHAROS:  P02766
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP02766
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
GEN Binding MOAD:  3KGU Kd: 1200 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
PDBBind:  3KGU Kd: 1200 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.234 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 43.53α = 90
b = 85.35β = 90
c = 64.97γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2010-03-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance