3JZ1

Crystal structure of human thrombin mutant N143P in E:Na+ form


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mutant N143P reveals how Na+ activates thrombin

Niu, W.Chen, Z.Bush-Pelc, L.A.Bah, A.Gandhi, P.S.Di Cera, E.

(2009) J Biol Chem 284: 36175-36185

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.069500
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3JZ1, 3JZ2

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The molecular mechanism of thrombin activation by Na(+) remains elusive. Its kinetic formulation requires extension of the classical Botts-Morales theory for the action of a modifier on an enzyme to correctly account for the contribution of the E*, E, and E:Na(+) forms ...

    The molecular mechanism of thrombin activation by Na(+) remains elusive. Its kinetic formulation requires extension of the classical Botts-Morales theory for the action of a modifier on an enzyme to correctly account for the contribution of the E*, E, and E:Na(+) forms. The extended scheme establishes that analysis of k(cat) unequivocally identifies allosteric transduction of Na(+) binding into enhanced catalytic activity. The thrombin mutant N143P features no Na(+)-dependent enhancement of k(cat) yet binds Na(+) with an affinity comparable to that of wild type. Crystal structures of the mutant in the presence and absence of Na(+) confirm that Pro(143) abrogates the important H-bond between the backbone N atom of residue 143 and the carbonyl O atom of Glu(192), which in turn controls the orientation of the Glu(192)-Gly(193) peptide bond and the correct architecture of the oxyanion hole. We conclude that Na(+) activates thrombin by securing the correct orientation of the Glu(192)-Gly(193) peptide bond, which is likely flipped in the absence of cation. Absolute conservation of the 143-192 H-bond in trypsin-like proteases and the importance of the oxyanion hole in protease function suggest that this mechanism of Na(+) activation is present in all Na(+)-activated trypsin-like proteases.


    Related Citations: 
    • Molecular dissection of Na+ binding to thrombin
      Pineda, A.O., Carrell, C.J., Bush, L.A., Prasad, S., Caccia, S., Chen, Z., Mathews, F.S., Di Cera, E.
      (2004) J Biol Chem 279: 31842
    • Structural identification of the pathway of long-range communication in an allosteric enzyme
      Gandhi, P.S., Chen, Z., Mathews, F.S., Di Cera, E.
      (2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105: 1832

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin light chainA36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P00734
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin heavy chainB259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P00734
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth B]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
H [auth B]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NO3
Query on NO3

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], G [auth B]NITRATE ION
N O3
NHNBFGGVMKEFGY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], F [auth B]SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 119.979α = 90
b = 47.67β = 92.29
c = 50.688γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
MOLREPphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-10-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary