3JWO

Structure of HIV-1 gp120 with gp41-Interactive Region: Layered Architecture and Basis of Conformational Mobility


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.51 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.257 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of HIV-1 gp120 with gp41-interactive region reveals layered envelope architecture and basis of conformational mobility.

Pancera, M.Majeed, S.Ban, Y.E.Chen, L.Huang, C.C.Kong, L.Kwon, Y.D.Stuckey, J.Zhou, T.Robinson, J.E.Schief, W.R.Sodroski, J.Wyatt, R.Kwong, P.D.

(2010) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 107: 1166-1171

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0911004107
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The viral spike of HIV-1 is composed of three gp120 envelope glycoproteins attached noncovalently to three gp41 transmembrane molecules. Viral entry is initiated by binding to the CD4 receptor on the cell surface, which induces large conformational c ...

    The viral spike of HIV-1 is composed of three gp120 envelope glycoproteins attached noncovalently to three gp41 transmembrane molecules. Viral entry is initiated by binding to the CD4 receptor on the cell surface, which induces large conformational changes in gp120. These changes not only provide a model for receptor-triggered entry, but affect spike sensitivity to drug- and antibody-mediated neutralization. Although some of the details of the CD4-induced conformational change have been visualized by crystal structures and cryoelectron tomograms, the critical gp41-interactive region of gp120 was missing from previous atomic-level characterizations. Here we determine the crystal structure of an HIV-1 gp120 core with intact gp41-interactive region in its CD4-bound state, compare this structure to unliganded and antibody-bound forms to identify structurally invariant and plastic components, and use ligand-oriented cryoelectron tomograms to define component mobility in the viral spike context. Newly defined gp120 elements proximal to the gp41 interface complete a 7-stranded beta-sandwich, which appeared invariant in conformation. Loop excursions emanating from the sandwich form three topologically separate--and structurally plastic--layers, topped off by the highly glycosylated gp120 outer domain. Crystal structures, cryoelectron tomograms, and interlayer chemistry were consistent with a mechanism in which the layers act as a shape-changing spacer, facilitating movement between outer domain and gp41-associated beta-sandwich and providing for conformational diversity used in immune evasion. A "layered" gp120 architecture thus allows movement among alternative glycoprotein conformations required for virus entry and immune evasion, whereas a beta-sandwich clamp maintains gp120-gp41 interaction and regulates gp41 transitions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HIV-1 GP120 ENVELOPE GLYCOPROTEIN
A
357N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
T-cell surface glycoprotein CD4
C
184Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CD4
Find proteins for P01730 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CD4
Go to UniProtKB:  P01730
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
FAB 48D LIGHT CHAIN
L
209N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
FAB 48D Heavy CHAIN
H
220N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FUL
Query on FUL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
BETA-L-FUCOSE
6-DEOXY-BETA-L-GALACTOSE
C6 H12 O5
SHZGCJCMOBCMKK-KGJVWPDLSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.51 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.257 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 190.000α = 90.00
b = 190.000β = 90.00
c = 103.302γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-12-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Type: Refinement description