3JBT

Atomic structure of the Apaf-1 apoptosome


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.8 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Atomic structure of the apoptosome: mechanism of cytochrome c- and dATP-mediated activation of Apaf-1

Zhou, M.Li, Y.Hu, Q.Bai, X.C.Huang, W.Yan, C.Scheres, S.H.W.Shi, Y.

(2015) Genes Dev. 29: 2349-2361

  • DOI: 10.1101/gad.272278.115

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 (Apaf-1) controls the onset of many known forms of intrinsic apoptosis in mammals. Apaf-1 exists in normal cells as an autoinhibited monomer. Upon binding to cytochrome c and dATP, Apaf-1 oligomerizes into a ...

    The apoptotic protease-activating factor 1 (Apaf-1) controls the onset of many known forms of intrinsic apoptosis in mammals. Apaf-1 exists in normal cells as an autoinhibited monomer. Upon binding to cytochrome c and dATP, Apaf-1 oligomerizes into a heptameric complex known as the apoptosome, which recruits and activates cell-killing caspases. Here we present an atomic structure of an intact mammalian apoptosome at 3.8 Å resolution, determined by single-particle, cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM). Structural analysis, together with structure-guided biochemical characterization, uncovered how cytochrome c releases the autoinhibition of Apaf-1 through specific interactions with the WD40 repeats. Structural comparison with autoinhibited Apaf-1 revealed how dATP binding triggers a set of conformational changes that results in the formation of the apoptosome. Together, these results constitute the molecular mechanism of cytochrome c- and dATP-mediated activation of Apaf-1.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Ministry of Education Protein Science Laboratory, Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Apoptotic protease-activating factor 1
A, C, E, G, I, K, M
1260Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: APAF1 (KIAA0413)
Find proteins for O14727 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: APAF1
Go to UniProtKB:  O14727
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Cytochrome c
B, D, F, H, J, L, N
105Equus caballusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CYCS (CYC)
Find proteins for P00004 (Equus caballus)
Go to Gene View: CYCS
Go to UniProtKB:  P00004
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DTP
Query on DTP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, E, G, I, K, M
2'-DEOXYADENOSINE 5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O12 P3
SUYVUBYJARFZHO-RRKCRQDMSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, E, G, I, K, M
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, D, F, H, J, L, N
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 3.8 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-11-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-01-18
    Type: Database references