3IQS

Crystal structure of the anti-viral APOBEC3G catalytic domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.263 
  • R-Value Work: 0.251 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.251 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the anti-viral APOBEC3G catalytic domain and functional implications.

Holden, L.G.Prochnow, C.Chang, Y.P.Bransteitter, R.Chelico, L.Sen, U.Stevens, R.C.Goodman, M.F.Chen, X.S.

(2008) Nature 456: 121-124

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature07357
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3E1U, 3IQS

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The APOBEC family members are involved in diverse biological functions. APOBEC3G restricts the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus and retroelements by cytidine deamination on single-stranded DNA or by RNA binding. Here we report the high-resolution crystal structure of the carboxy-terminal deaminase domain of APOBEC3G (APOBEC3G-CD2) purified from Escherichia coli ...

    The APOBEC family members are involved in diverse biological functions. APOBEC3G restricts the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus and retroelements by cytidine deamination on single-stranded DNA or by RNA binding. Here we report the high-resolution crystal structure of the carboxy-terminal deaminase domain of APOBEC3G (APOBEC3G-CD2) purified from Escherichia coli. The APOBEC3G-CD2 structure has a five-stranded beta-sheet core that is common to all known deaminase structures and closely resembles the structure of another APOBEC protein, APOBEC2 (ref. 5). A comparison of APOBEC3G-CD2 with other deaminase structures shows a structural conservation of the active-site loops that are directly involved in substrate binding. In the X-ray structure, these APOBEC3G active-site loops form a continuous 'substrate groove' around the active centre. The orientation of this putative substrate groove differs markedly (by 90 degrees) from the groove predicted by the NMR structure. We have introduced mutations around the groove, and have identified residues involved in substrate specificity, single-stranded DNA binding and deaminase activity. These results provide a basis for understanding the underlying mechanisms of substrate specificity for the APOBEC family.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Molecular and Computational Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA dC->dU-editing enzyme APOBEC-3GA189Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: APOBEC3GMDS019
EC: 3.5.4
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q9HC16 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9HC16 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9HC16
PHAROS:  Q9HC16
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.263 
  • R-Value Work: 0.251 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.251 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 83.464α = 90
b = 57.329β = 96.46
c = 40.578γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
SHARPphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-11-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance