3IN4

Bace1 with Compound 38


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.220 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Di-substituted pyridinyl aminohydantoins as potent and highly selective human beta-secretase (BACE1) inhibitors.

Malamas, M.S.Barnes, K.Johnson, M.Hui, Y.Zhou, P.Turner, J.Hu, Y.Wagner, E.Fan, K.Chopra, R.Olland, A.Bard, J.Pangalos, M.Reinhart, P.Robichaud, A.J.

(2010) Bioorg.Med.Chem. 18: 630-639

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2009.12.007
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The identification of highly selective small molecule di-substituted pyridinyl aminohydantoins as beta-secretase inhibitors is reported. The more potent and selective analogs demonstrate low nanomolar potency for the BACE1 enzyme as measured in a FRE ...

    The identification of highly selective small molecule di-substituted pyridinyl aminohydantoins as beta-secretase inhibitors is reported. The more potent and selective analogs demonstrate low nanomolar potency for the BACE1 enzyme as measured in a FRET assay, and exhibit comparable activity in a cell-based (ELISA) assay. In addition, these pyridine-aminohydantoins are highly selectivity (>500x) against the other structurally related aspartyl proteases BACE2, cathepsin D, pepsin and renin. Our design strategy followed a traditional SAR approach and was supported by molecular modeling studies based on the previously reported aminohydantoin 3a. We have taken advantage of the amino acid difference between the BACE1 and BACE2 at the S2' pocket (BACE1 Pro(70) changed to BACE2 Lys(86)) to build ligands with >500-fold selectivity against BACE2. The addition of large substituents on the targeted ligand at the vicinity of this aberration has generated a steric conflict between the ligand and these two proteins, thus impacting the ligand's affinity and selectivity. These ligands have also shown an exceptional selectivity against cathepsin D (>5000-fold) as well as the other aspartyl proteases mentioned. One of the more potent compounds (S)-39 displayed an IC(50) value for BACE1 of 10nM, and exhibited cellular activity with an EC(50) value of 130nM in the ELISA assay.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemical Sciences, Wyeth Research, CN 8000, Princeton, NJ 08543-8000, USA. malamam@wyeth.com




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Beta-secretase 1
A
415Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BACE1 (BACE, KIAA1149)
EC: 3.4.23.46
Find proteins for P56817 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: BACE1
Go to UniProtKB:  P56817
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BX2
Query on BX2

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
(5S)-2-amino-5-(2,6-diethylpyridin-4-yl)-3-methyl-5-(3-pyrimidin-5-ylphenyl)-3,5-dihydro-4H-imidazol-4-one
C23 H24 N6 O
QQPRKWVAAAEILV-QHCPKHFHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
BX2IC50: 30 - 40 nM (100) BINDINGDB
BX2IC50: 40 nM BINDINGMOAD
BX2IC50: 30 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.220 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 73.379α = 90.00
b = 104.854β = 94.79
c = 50.531γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
AMoREphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2009-08-11 
  • Released Date: 2010-01-19 
  • Deposition Author(s): Olland, A.M.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-01-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance