Transthyretin in complex with (E)-4-(4-aminostyryl)-2,6-dibromophenol

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.190 
  • R-Value Work: 0.164 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.165 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

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A substructure combination strategy to create potent and selective transthyretin kinetic stabilizers that prevent amyloidogenesis and cytotoxicity.

Choi, S.Reixach, N.Connelly, S.Johnson, S.M.Wilson, I.A.Kelly, J.W.

(2010) J Am Chem Soc 132: 1359-1370

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/ja908562q
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3IMR, 3IMS, 3IMT, 3IMU, 3IMV, 3IMW

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Transthyretin aggregation-associated proteotoxicity appears to cause several human amyloid diseases. Rate-limiting tetramer dissociation and monomer misfolding of transthyretin (TTR) occur before its aggregation into cross-beta-sheet amyloid fibrils. Small molecule binding to and preferential stabilization of the tetrameric state of TTR over the dissociative transition state raises the kinetic barrier for dissociation, imposing kinetic stabilization on TTR and preventing aggregation. This is an effective strategy to halt neurodegeneration associated with polyneuropathy, according to recent placebo-controlled clinical trial results. In three recent papers, we systematically ranked possibilities for the three substructures composing a typical TTR kinetic stabilizer, using fibril inhibition potency and plasma TTR binding selectivity data. Herein, we have successfully employed a substructure combination strategy to use these data to develop potent and selective TTR kinetic stabilizers that rescue cells from the cytotoxic effects of TTR amyloidogenesis. Of the 92 stilbene and dihydrostilbene analogues synthesized, nearly all potently inhibit TTR fibril formation. Seventeen of these exhibit a binding stoichiometry of >1.5 of a maximum of 2 to plasma TTR, while displaying minimal binding to the thyroid hormone receptor (<20%). Six analogues were definitively categorized as kinetic stabilizers by evaluating dissociation time-courses. High-resolution TTR.(kinetic stabilizer)(2) crystal structures (1.31-1.70 A) confirmed the anticipated binding orientation of the 3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxyphenyl substructure and revealed a strong preference of the isosteric 3,5-dibromo-4-aminophenyl substructure to bind to the inner thyroxine binding pocket of TTR.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
A, B
127Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TTRPALB
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P02766 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P02766 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02766
PHAROS:  P02766
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP02766
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on IW3

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth B]
C14 H11 Br2 N O
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.190 
  • R-Value Work: 0.164 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.165 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 42.26α = 90
b = 84.785β = 90
c = 63.238γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
Blu-Icedata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2010-01-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2023-09-06
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description