3IAI

Crystal structure of the catalytic domain of the tumor-associated human carbonic anhydrase IX


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.181 
  • R-Value Work: 0.157 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the catalytic domain of the tumor-associated human carbonic anhydrase IX.

Alterio, V.Hilvo, M.Di Fiore, A.Supuran, C.T.Pan, P.Parkkila, S.Scaloni, A.Pastorek, J.Pastorekova, S.Pedone, C.Scozzafava, A.Monti, S.M.De Simone, G.

(2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106: 16233-16238

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0908301106
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX is a plasma membrane-associated member of the alpha-CA enzyme family, which is involved in solid tumor acidification. It is a marker of tumor hypoxia and a prognostic factor in several human cancers. An aberrant increase in ...

    Carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX is a plasma membrane-associated member of the alpha-CA enzyme family, which is involved in solid tumor acidification. It is a marker of tumor hypoxia and a prognostic factor in several human cancers. An aberrant increase in CA IX expression in chronic hypoxia and during development of various carcinomas contributes to tumorigenesis through at least two mechanisms: pH regulation and cell adhesion control. Here we report the X-ray structure of the catalytic domain of CA IX in complex with a classical, clinically used sulfonamide inhibitor, acetazolamide. The structure reveals a typical alpha-CA fold, which significantly differs from the other CA isozymes when the protein quaternary structure is considered. Thus, two catalytic domains of CA IX associate to form a dimer, which is stabilized by the formation of an intermolecular disulfide bond. The active site clefts and the PG domains are located on one face of the dimer, while the C-termini are located on the opposite face to facilitate protein anchoring to the cell membrane. A correlation between the three-dimensional structure and the physiological role of the enzyme is here suggested, based on the measurement of the pH profile of the catalytic activity for the physiological reaction, CO(2) hydration to bicarbonate and protons. On the basis of the structural differences observed between CA IX and the other membrane-associated alpha-CAs, further prospects for the rational drug design of isozyme-specific CA inhibitors are proposed, given that inhibition of this enzyme shows antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini-CNR, via Mezzocannone 16, 80134 Naples, Italy.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Carbonic anhydrase 9
A, B, C, D
257Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: CA9G250MN
EC: 4.2.1.1
Find proteins for Q16790 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q16790
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q16790
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 8 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
AZM
Query on AZM

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
5-ACETAMIDO-1,3,4-THIADIAZOLE-2-SULFONAMIDE
C4 H6 N4 O3 S2
BZKPWHYZMXOIDC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BMA
Query on BMA

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
BETA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-RWOPYEJCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MAN
Query on MAN

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
ALPHA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PQMKYFCFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TRS
Query on TRS

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
2-AMINO-2-HYDROXYMETHYL-PROPANE-1,3-DIOL
C4 H12 N O3
LENZDBCJOHFCAS-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

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A, B, C, D
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A, B, C, D
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
PO4Ki:  560000   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.181 
  • R-Value Work: 0.157 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 144.18α = 90
b = 144.18β = 90
c = 208.89γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-09-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance