3I9J

Crystal structure of ADP ribosyl cyclase complexed with a substrate analog and a product nicotinamide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.18 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for enzymatic evolution from a dedicated ADP-ribosyl cyclase to a multifunctional NAD hydrolase

Liu, Q.Graeff, R.Kriksunov, I.A.Jiang, H.Zhang, B.Oppenheimer, N.Lin, H.Potter, B.V.L.Lee, H.C.Hao, Q.

(2009) J.Biol.Chem. 284: 27637-27645

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.031005
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) is a universal calcium messenger molecule that regulates many physiological processes. The production and degradation of cADPR are catalyzed by a family of related enzymes, including the ADP-ribosyl cyclase from Aplysia cali ...

    Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) is a universal calcium messenger molecule that regulates many physiological processes. The production and degradation of cADPR are catalyzed by a family of related enzymes, including the ADP-ribosyl cyclase from Aplysia california (ADPRAC) and CD38 from human. Although ADPRC and CD38 share a common evolutionary ancestor, their enzymatic functions toward NAD and cADPR homeostasis have evolved divergently. Thus, ADPRC can only generate cADPR from NAD (cyclase), whereas CD38, in contrast, has multiple activities, i.e. in cADPR production and degradation, as well as NAD hydrolysis (NADase). In this study, we determined a number of ADPRC and CD38 structures bound with various nucleotides. From these complexes, we elucidated the structural features required for the cyclization (cyclase) reaction of ADPRC and the NADase reaction of CD38. Using the structural approach in combination with site-directed mutagenesis, we identified Phe-174 in ADPRC as a critical residue in directing the folding of the substrate during the cyclization reaction. Thus, a point mutation of Phe-174 to glycine can turn ADPRC from a cyclase toward an NADase. The equivalent residue in CD38, Thr-221, is shown to disfavor the cyclizing folding of the substrate, resulting in NADase being the dominant activity. The comprehensive structural comparison of CD38 and APDRC presented in this study thus provides insights into the structural determinants for the functional evolution from a cyclase to a hydrolase.


    Organizational Affiliation

    MacCHESS, Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, CornellUniversity, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ADP-ribosyl cyclase
A, B
258Aplysia californicaMutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.2.2.6
Find proteins for P29241 (Aplysia californica)
Go to UniProtKB:  P29241
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
AVV
Query on AVV

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-2-fluoro-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxytetrahydrofuran-2-yl]methyl [(2R,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydroxytetrahydrofuran-2-yl]methyl dihydrogen diphosphate
2-fluoro-adenosine diphosphate ribose, 2F-ADPRI
C15 H22 F N5 O13 P2
INVLSELIWGCOEO-ZVIMGNLFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NCA
Query on NCA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
NICOTINAMIDE
C6 H6 N2 O
DFPAKSUCGFBDDF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NFD
Query on NFD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
Nicotinamide 2-fluoro-adenine dinucleotide
2-fluoro-NAD+
C21 H26 F N7 O14 P2
JDJGJQAJEVFTBI-NAJQWHGHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.18 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 57.121α = 90.00
b = 57.121β = 90.00
c = 364.683γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
ADSCdata collection
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance