3I5K

Crystal structure of the NS5B polymerase from Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) strain JFH1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and functional analysis of hepatitis C virus strain JFH1 polymerase

Simister, P.Schmitt, M.Geitmann, M.Wicht, O.Danielson, U.H.Klein, R.Bressanelli, S.Lohmann, V.

(2009) J Virol 83: 11926-11939

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01008-09
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolate JFH1 represents the only cloned wild-type sequence capable of efficient replication in cell culture, as well as in chimpanzees. Previous reports have pointed to the viral polymerase NS5B as a major determinant for ...

    The hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolate JFH1 represents the only cloned wild-type sequence capable of efficient replication in cell culture, as well as in chimpanzees. Previous reports have pointed to the viral polymerase NS5B as a major determinant for efficient replication of this isolate. To understand the underlying mechanisms, we expressed and purified NS5B of JFH1 and of the closely related isolate J6, which replicates below the limit of detection in cell culture. The JFH1 enzyme exhibited a 5- to 10-fold-higher specific activity in vitro, consistent with the polymerase activity itself contributing to efficient replication of JFH1. The higher in vitro activity of the JFH1 enzyme was not due to increased RNA binding, elongation rate, or processivity of the polymerase but to higher initiation efficiency. By using homopolymeric and heteropolymeric templates, we found that purified JFH1 NS5B was significantly more efficient in de novo initiation of RNA synthesis than the J6 counterpart, particularly at low GTP concentrations, probably representing an important prerequisite for the rapid replication kinetics of JFH1. Furthermore, we solved the crystal structure of JFH1 NS5B, which displays a very closed conformation that is expected to facilitate de novo initiation. Structural analysis shows that this closed conformation is stabilized by a sprinkle of substitutions that together promote extra hydrophobic interactions between the subdomains "thumb" and "fingers." These analyses provide deeper insights into the initiation of HCV RNA synthesis and might help to establish more efficient cell culture models for HCV using alternative isolates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Virologie Moléculaire et Structurale UMR CNRS 2472-INRA 1157, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RNA-directed RNA polymerase
A, B, C, D
566Hepatitis C virus JFH-1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NS5Bp68
EC: 2.7.7.48 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.22 (UniProt), 3.4.21.98 (UniProt), 3.6.1.15 (UniProt), 3.6.4.13 (UniProt)
Find proteins for Q99IB8 (Hepatitis C virus genotype 2a (isolate JFH-1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q99IB8
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 130.56α = 90
b = 115.73β = 107.18
c = 133.16γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-09-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance