3I4C

Crystal structure of Sulfolobus Solfataricus ADH(SsADH) double mutant (W95L,N249Y)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.228 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.228 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Role of Tryptophan 95 in substrate specificity and structural stability of Sulfolobus solfataricus alcohol dehydrogenase

Pennacchio, A.Esposito, L.Zagari, A.Rossi, M.Raia, C.A.

(2009) Extremophiles 13: 751-761

  • DOI: 10.1007/s00792-009-0256-0
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3I4C

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A mutant of the thermostable NAD(+)-dependent (S)-stereospecific alcohol dehydrogenase from Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsADH) which has a single substitution, Trp95Leu, located at the substrate binding pocket, was fully characterized to ascertain the role of Trp95 in discriminating between chiral secondary alcohols suggested by the wild-type SsADH crystallographic structure ...

    A mutant of the thermostable NAD(+)-dependent (S)-stereospecific alcohol dehydrogenase from Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsADH) which has a single substitution, Trp95Leu, located at the substrate binding pocket, was fully characterized to ascertain the role of Trp95 in discriminating between chiral secondary alcohols suggested by the wild-type SsADH crystallographic structure. The Trp95Leu mutant displays no apparent activity with short-chain primary and secondary alcohols and poor activity with aromatic substrates and coenzyme. Moreover, the Trp --> Leu substitution affects the structural stability of the archaeal ADH, decreasing its thermal stability without relevant changes in secondary structure. The double mutant Trp95Leu/Asn249Tyr was also purified to assist in crystallographic analysis. This mutant exhibits higher activity but decreased affinity toward aliphatic alcohols, aldehydes as well as NAD(+) and NADH compared to the wild-type enzyme. The crystal structure of the Trp95Leu/Asn249Tyr mutant apo form, determined at 2.0 A resolution, reveals a large local rearrangement of the substrate site with dramatic consequences. The Leu95 side-chain conformation points away from the catalytic metal center and the widening of the substrate site is partially counteracted by a concomitant change of Trp117 side chain conformation. Structural changes at the active site are consistent with the reduced activity on substrates and decreased coenzyme binding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Istituto di Biochimica delle Proteine, CNR, Via P. Castellino 111, 80131, Naples, Italy.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
NAD-dependent alcohol dehydrogenaseA, B, C, D, E, F [auth H]347Saccharolobus solfataricusMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: adhSSO2536
EC: 1.1.1.1
UniProt
Find proteins for P39462 (Saccharolobus solfataricus (strain ATCC 35092 / DSM 1617 / JCM 11322 / P2))
Explore P39462 
Go to UniProtKB:  P39462
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.228 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.228 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 215.729α = 90
b = 91.545β = 99.2
c = 118.368γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance